Theory Seminar: From Single-Input to Multi-Input Functional Encryption in the Private-Key Setting

Ilan Komargodski (Weizmann Institute of Science)
Wednesday, 27.5.2015, 12:30
Taub 201

We construct a general-purpose multi-input functional encryption scheme in the private-key setting. Namely, we construct a scheme where a functional key corresponding to a function f enables a user holding encryptions of x_1, ..., x_t to compute f(x_1, ..., x_t) but nothing else. Our construction assumes any general-purpose private-key single-input scheme (without any additional assumptions), and is proven to be adaptively-secure for any constant number of inputs t. Moreover, it can be extended to a super-constant number of inputs assuming that the underlying single-input scheme is sub-exponentially secure.

Instantiating our construction with existing single-input schemes, we obtain multi-input schemes that are based on a variety of assumptions (such as indistinguishability obfuscation, multilinear maps, learning with errors, and even one-way functions), offering various trade-offs between security and efficiency.

Previous constructions of multi-input functional encryption schemes either relied on somewhat stronger assumptions and provided weaker security guarantees (Goldwasser et al., EUROCRYPT '14), or relied on multilinear maps and could be proven secure only in an idealized generic model (Boneh et al., EUROCRYPT '15).

Talk based on joint work with Zvika Brakerski and Gil Segev.

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