C++ FAQ Celebrating Twenty-One Years of the C++ FAQ!!!
(Click here for a personal note from Marshall Cline.)
Section 19:
[19.3] How do you express inheritance in C++?

By the : public syntax:

class Car : public Vehicle {
We state the above relationship in several ways:
  • Car is "a kind of a" Vehicle
  • Car is "derived from" Vehicle
  • Car is "a specialized" Vehicle
  • Car is a "subclass" of Vehicle
  • Car is a "derived class" of Vehicle
  • Vehicle is the "base class" of Car
  • Vehicle is the "superclass" of Car (this not as common in the C++ community)

(Note: this FAQ has to do with public inheritance; private and protected inheritance are different.)