C++ FAQ Celebrating Twenty-One Years of the C++ FAQ!!!
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Section 39:
[39.11] How can I create two classes that both know about each other?

Use a forward declaration.

Sometimes you must create two classes that use each other. This is called a circular dependency. For example:

class Fred {
  Barney* foo();  // Error: Unknown symbol 'Barney'

class Barney {
  Fred* bar();
The Fred class has a member function that returns a Barney*, and the Barney class has a member function that returns a Fred*. You may inform the compiler about the existence of a class or structure by using a "forward declaration":
class Barney;
This line must appear before the declaration of class Fred. It simply informs the compiler that the name Barney is a class, and further it is a promise to the compiler that you will eventually supply a complete definition of that class.