Table 2

The vowel
The Hebrew character
in non-pointed Hebrew
The vowel sign
in pointed Hebrew
no sign or
no sign or
no sign or
no sign or
no sign or
no sign or

Note: The letter should always be written as `, even when it is mute, but as the first consonant of a word may be omitted: `amar or amar ().

4. Writing rules

4.1 The attached particles The attached particles connected to the subsequent word in the Hebrew script, shall be written with a hyphen after it: b-, ha-, w-, k-, l-, mi-, .

Note: The l at the beginning of an infinitive is not an attached particle, but rather a prefix. It is not followed by a hypen (, ldabber, cmp. l-beiti, w-l-beiti).

4.1.1 The same applies to cases where there is more than one attached particle before the word: w-ha-, k-se-.

4.1.2 Instead of b-ha-, we are allowed to use ba-; instead of k-ha- -->ka-; instead of l-ha- --> la-, e.g., ba-bayt (=b-ha-bayt), la-ginna (=l-ha-ginna).

4.1.3 No change shall be made in the writing of attached particles even when there is a different vowel in the pointed script, e.g., - w-daru$, - w-dru$im, - b-racon, - b-rconi.

4.1.4 We are allowed to write me - instead of mi- if the subsequent word begins with one of the consonants `,h,x,',r, e.g. me-habor or mi-ha-bor (see 4.2.3 for ha-bor).

4.1.5 We are allowed to write the definite article he- instead of ha- if the subsequent word begins with an unaccented syllable ha or xa: ha-xalab or he-xalab.