Toward Better Depth Lower Bounds: An Information Complexity Approach to the KRW Composition Conjecture

Or Meir - CS-Lecture

Tuesday, 31.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: Compressed Sensing and Natural Image Statistics

Yair Weiss (School of Computer Science and Engineering, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Tuesday, 31.12.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Compressed sensing (CS) refers to a branch of applied mathematics which is based on the surprising result whereby signals that are exactly “k-sparse” (i.e. can be represented by at most k nonzero coefficients in some basis) can be exactly reconstructed using a small number of random measurements. Since natural images tend to be sparse in the wavelet basis, one of the motivating examples of CS has always been to reconstruct high resolution images from a ...

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Statistical assessment of enrichment in ranked lists - algorithms and applications

Limor Leibovich

Monday, 30.12.2013, 13:00

Taub 601

Modern data analysis often faces the task of extracting characteristic features from sets of elements characterized with some measurement assay or procedure. In molecular biology, for example, an experiment may lead to measurement results pertaining to genes and then questions are asked about the properties of genes for which these were high or low. This is an example, of course, and the set of elements does not have to be genes. They can be genomic ...

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Shortest Path Queries: Static, Dynamic and Fault-tolerant.

Shiri Chechik - CS-Lecture

Sunday, 29.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Population Recovery and Partial Identification

Avi Wigderson - Colloquium Lecture

Thursday, 26.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Learning with Lower Information Costs

Sivan Sabato - CS-Lecture - Note unusual day

Wednesday, 25.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Combining Erasure-Code and Replication Redundancy Schemes for Increased Storage and Repair Efficiency in P2P Storage Systems

Yoav Kantor

Wednesday, 25.12.2013, 14:00

Taub 601

This work introduces a new family of redundancy schemes called replicated erasure codes (REC), which combine the storage-space efficiency of erasure codes and the repair-traffic efficiency of replications. A formal model for analyzing the storage and repair-raffic costs under availability and persistency constraints is also developed. It is shown that under parameters that characterize common P2P environments, REC generally achieves better results than each of the two methods separately.

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ceClub: Resource Placement and Assignment in Distributed Network

Yuval Rochman (Tel Aviv University/Marvell)

Wednesday, 25.12.2013, 13:00

EE Meyer Building 1061

We consider the problem of how to place and efﬁciently utilize resources in network environments. The setting consists of a regionally organized system which must satisfy regionally varying demands for various resources. The operator aims at placing resources in the regions as to minimize the cost of providing the demands. Examples of systems falling under this paradigm are 1) A peer supported Video on Demand service where the problem is how to place various video ...

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Theory Seminar: Non-commutative Computation (and More)

Avi Wigderson (Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton)

Wednesday, 25.12.2013, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

I will survey what is known about the complexity of arithmetic circuits computing polynomials and rational functions with non-commuting variables, focusing on recent results and open problems. Strangely enough, some elementary questions in commutative algebra seem to hold the key both to new lower bounds and new algorithms. The talk is mainly based on several papers with Pavel Hrubes and Amir Yehudayoff.

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Pixel Club: Quantification of Mitral Regurgitation using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Lior Gorodisky (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 24.12.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Mitral Regurgitation (MR) is a cardiac disorder, in which there is dysfunction of the mitral valve, >resulting in backwards regurgitation of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium. The gold standard to assess MR is by echocardiography, using ultrasound and the Doppler effect, which are more qualitative than quantitative. Using Echo-Doppler, the velocity of the blood can be measured only for the component that is parallel to the direction of the ultrasound beam, ...

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Privacy by Diversity in Sequential Releases of Databases

Erez Shmueli - CS-Lecture

Sunday, 22.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Learning Methods for Modeling High-Dimensional Distributions

Assaf Glazer

Sunday, 22.12.2013, 11:30

Taub 337-8

A reliable density estimation is hard to obtain in problems of high-dimensional data, especially when the sample used for estimation is small. As a result, various studies have tried to find approximate solutions to this problem by reducing it to a less general, and hopesfully solvable, form. One prominent approach in this direction is estimating the \emph{minimum-volume set (MV-set)} of a distribution at level $\alpha$ instead of its density function. (An MV-set at level $\alpha$ ...

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Polynomial Bounds for the Grid-Minor Theorem

Julia Chuzhoy - CSpecial Lecture-Note unusual time and place

Thursday, 19.12.2013, 13:30

Room 601 Taub Bld.

Aspects of Formal Verification - TODAY!

Thursday, 19.12.2013, 08:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

You are invited to a special Symposium on "Aspects of Formal Verification" on the occasion of Prof. Shmuel Katz' retirement. The symposium will be held on Thursday, December 19 2013, at Taub Building for Computer Science, in room 337 (3rd floor). Participation is free but requires pre-registraion. You are all invited. More details and program.

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A Relational Framework for Information Extraction

Benny Kimelfeld - CS-Lecture - Note unusual day

Wednesday, 18.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337 Taub Bld.

Theory Seminar: Theoretical Computational Tools at the Service of Constructing the Big Tree of Life

Sagi Snir (Haifa University)

Wednesday, 18.12.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

The reconstruction of evolutionary trees is a fundamental task in Biology. The exponentially increasing amount of available genomic date over thousands of genes and species, gave rise to the task of combining all this data for the sake of constructing a phylogeny (evolutionary tree) depicting the evolution of life on earth along several billions of years. Since accurate reconstruction is limited to few dozens of species, the supertree approach, aims at accurately reconstructing small trees ...

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ceClub: Shortest Path Queries: Static, Dynamic and Fault-tolerant

Shiri Chechik (Microsoft Research, Silicon Valley)

Wednesday, 18.12.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1007

In recent years, the practical need for fast retrieval of shortest path queries has significantly increased, in part due to the developing GPS navigation systems and other route planning softwares. Classical shortest paths algorithms such as Dijkstra's algorithm return shortest path distance in almost linear time in the number of nodes. However, continent-sized road networks require something much faster. It is possible to achieve sublinear-time queries if preprocessing is allowed. A distance oracle is a ...

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New Approaches to Graph Partitioning

Roy Schwartz - CS-Lecture

Tuesday, 17.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: Video Saliency and its Applications in Single and Multi-camera Setups

Dmitry Rudoy (Technion)

Tuesday, 17.12.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Understanding human attention have interested researchers for decades. The early works come from different fields of psychology and separate the cognitive process into several steps. The different models of attention in static scenes have emerged and evolved into dynamic saliency. Along with that, there are extensive cinematographic theories on how the scene should be watched, or filmed. And again, there is a long term research interest in view selection for static and dynamic scenes. Different ...

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Predicate Abstraction For Relaxed Memory Models

Yuri Meshman

Tuesday, 17.12.2013, 10:30

Taub 601

In this talk we present a novel approach for predicate abstraction of programs running on relaxed memory models. Our approach consists of two steps. First, we reduce the problem of verifying a program P running on a memory model M to the problem of verifying a program P_M that captures an abstraction of M as part of the program. Second, we show how to discover new predicates that enable verification of P_M. The core idea ...

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T2med: Social-Mobile-Cloud Meets Medicine @ Technion

Tuesday, 17.12.2013, 08:30

Kogan Auditorium, EE Meyer Building

You are ivnited to the T2med Conference on Social-Mobile-Cloud Meets Medicine @ Technion, organizerd by Deborah Estrin (CS, Cornell NYC Tech), Shie Mannor (EE, Technion), Uri Rosenschein (Medical School, Technion) The conference will be held on Tuesday, December 17th, 2013 The world around us has been transformed by the brave new world of Social (networks) – Mobile (smart phones). The phenomenon of ubiquitous programmable, hand held sensor platforms (our phones), streaming continuous and diverse personal ...

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Lower Bounds for Linear Decision Trees via An Energy Complexity Argument

Eiji Takimoto - CSpecial Lecture - Note unusual day and place

Monday, 16.12.2013, 14:30

Room 201 Taub Bld.

TCE Guest Lecture: Combinatorial Online Prediction via Metarounding

Kohei Hatano (Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Monday, 16.12.2013, 11:30

EE Bloomfield Building 527

We consider online prediction problems of combinatorial concepts. Examples of such concepts include s-t paths, permutations, truth assignments, set covers, and so on. The goal of the online prediction algorithm is to compete with the best fixed combinatorial concept in hindsight. A generic approach to this problem is to design an online prediction algorithm using the corresponding offline (approximation) algorithm as an oracle. The current state-of-the art method, however, is not efficient enough. In this ...

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Individual Genomes Reveal Deep Population Histories and Uncover the Evolutionary Roles of Non Coding DNA

Ilan Gronau - CS-Lecture

Sunday, 15.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

CGGC Seminar: Multi-view Inter-media: From Space to Ocean-depths

Yoav Y. Schechner (EE, Technion)

Sunday, 15.12.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This talk is about ;multi-view imaging via participating media, particularly the 3D volumetric scattering atmosphere and the 3D wavy water-air interface. Camera multi-views are either looking down from outer-space, or looking up from underwater or the ground level. Multiple views on scales of tens or hundreds of kilometers effectively create a huge lightfield camera-system. This provides constraints for recovering complex scenes, including the 3D distribution of aerosols overhead, or underwater topography. On a small scale, multiple submerged cameras viewing via random water-surface waves create a 'virtual ...

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Rank Modulation for Flash Memory

Michal Horovitz

Thursday, 12.12.2013, 11:30

Taub 701

Snake-in-the-box code is a Gray code which is capable to detect a single error. Gray codes are important in the context of rank modulation scheme which was suggested recently for representing information in flash memories. For a Gray code in this scheme the codewords are permutations, two consecutive codewords are obtained by using the "push-to-the-top" operation, and the distance measure is defined on permutations. In this talk the Kendall's $\tau$-metric is used. We present a ...

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How Can we Recover from Protocol Failure?
(Talk II - The Israel Pollak Distinguished Lecture Series)

Ross Anderson (Computer Laboratory, University Of Cambridge)

Thursday, 12.12.2013, 11:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Security protocols are the foundations on which the digital age is built. SSL/TLS is the basis for online commerce, email privacy and much else; EMV is taking over the world of card payments; and lesser-known protocols such as SSH and DNSSEC protect the infrastructure. Stable, reliable platforms are the basis on which others can innovate; but what happens when the platforms themselves fail? We have so far seen about a dozen failures of SSL/TLS, and ...

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Randomized Algorithms for Faster Linear and Non-linear Regression

Haim Avron - CS-Lecture - Note unusual day

Wednesday, 11.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Theory Seminar: Playing Non-linear Games with Linear Oracles

Dan Garber (Technion)

Wednesday, 11.12.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Online Learning deals with playing repeated games against an adversary with the aim of minimising a quantity known as regret, and has attracted much attention in recent years due to its applications in algorithm design and machine learning. The computational bottleneck in the application of online learning algorithms is the computation of a projection of a point onto a convex set, which for many problems of interest, such as those that arise in combinatorial optimization ...

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Safety and Privacy – Health Systems in the Age of Biodata
(Talk I - The Israel Pollak Distinguished Lecture Series)

Ross Anderson (Computer Laboratory, University Of Cambridge)

Tuesday, 10.12.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

There have been serious tussles over health privacy in the UK, the USA and elsewhere over the safety and privacy of health IT systems. Many countries are moving medical records away from family doctors, clinics and hospitals to central cloud systems. This can cut costs and increase resilience: Hurricane Katrina wiped out many New Orleans patients' records, but those covered by the Veterans' Administration could walk into any VA hospital and find their files waiting ...

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Pixel Club: Medical Imaging and Computer Vision @IBM.Haifa

Pavel Kisilev (IBM Research Haifa)

Tuesday, 10.12.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In this talk we present various research topics in medical imaging and related to them computer vision methods that are developed at IBM Haifa Research Lab. In the first part of the talk we describe various medical imaging problems and briefly hint on their solutions. The second part of the talk will be devoted to a newly developed general method for figure-ground segmentation. The method combines a bottom up approach of generating multiple highly plausible ...

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Hebrew Acronyms: Identification, Expansion, and Disambiguation

Kayla Jacobs

Monday, 9.12.2013, 16:30

Taub 601

Acronyms are words formed from the initial letters of a phrase. For example, "CIA" is an acronym that usually means "Central Intelligence Agency," but in other contexts could mean "Culinary Institute of America." Understanding acronyms is important for many natural language processing applications, including search and machine translation. While hand-crafted acronym dictionaries exist, they are limited and require frequent updates. We developed a new machine learning method to automatically build a Hebrew acronym dictionary from ...

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Comprehensive Free Handed 3D User Interface for Geometric Design Systems

Maor Grinberg

Sunday, 8.12.2013, 13:00

Taub 337

Three dimensional user interfaces (3DUI) have great potential in computer aided geometric design (CAGD), where users work in a virtual 3D space and perform 3D operations. The mouse, commonly used for such tasks, provides only 2D input. In order to be used within the virtual space, the input is transformed to the virtual 3D space by reverse projection. However, this transformation is ambiguous, and cannot be used unless it is projected onto an object or ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: From Hadoop 1.0 to Hadoop 2.0

Chris Severs (Ph.D.) and Ryan Hennig (eBay)

Tuesday, 3.12.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Over the past few years, Hadoop has been exploding in popularity. Ryan Hennig will discuss an overview of the MapReduce paradigm used to process data in Hadoop 1.0, and how it's shortcomings have motivated the new YARN architecture in Hadoop 2.0, which is better suited to scenarios like graph processing and machine learning. Chris Severs will discuss how functional programming is particularly well-suited to computation in the Big Data world, including the only four functions ...

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Pixel Club: On the Structure of Boolean Functions with Small Spectral Norm

Alex Kopaigorodski (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 3.12.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

We present two methods for signal reconstruction from discrete data based on Prolate Spheroidal Wave Functions (PSWF). The first method is suitable for band-limited signals where the samples are available only in a finite interval of the signal. In such a case, an inherent reconstruction error is introduced by the standard reconstruction method. By using PSWF, better reconstruction results can be obtained based on the fast decay of the eigenvalues of the PSWF when the ...

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On The Structure of Boolean Functions with Small Spectral Norm

Ben Lee Volk

Wednesday, 27.11.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

In this talk we show several results regarding Boolean functions with small spectral norm (the spectral norm of $f$ is the sum of the absolute value of its Fourier coefficients.) Specifically, we prove the following results for Boolean functions on n variables with spectral norm $A$. 1. There is a subspace $V$ of co-dimension at most $A^2$ such that $f|_V$ is constant. 2. $f$ can be computed by a parity decision tree of size $2^{A^2}n^{2A}$. ...

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ceClub: Cognitive Users with Useful Vacations

Boris Oklander (Imperial College London)

Wednesday, 27.11.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Admission control is a classical topic in communications, but cognition as a means to enhance the performance of users and the network is relatively new. Cognitive Users’ (CU) can achieve better performance based on smart access to resources such as power and spectrum. However, adaptation to dynamically changing conditions of communication channels is a challenge for CUs. Acting as a secondary user (SU), a CU cedes priority to ongoing transmissions of PUs and accesses a ...

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Pixel Club: Vectorial Phase Retrieval for 1-d Signals and 2-d Images

Boaz Nadler (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Tuesday, 26.11.2013, 11:30

Room 337 Taub Bld.

Phase retrieval - namely the recovery of a signal from its absolute Fourier transform is a problem of fundamental importance in many fields. In 1-D Phase retrieval is ill-posed, admitting multiple solutions. In 2-D it often admits a unique solution, but finding it is challenging. Current iterative algorithms are computationally intensive and in general have no theoretical guarantees on the properties of their obtained solution. In this talk I'll present a novel framework, denoted vectorial ...

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Haifux Club: Nested Virtualization: Shadow Turtles

Muli Ben-Yehuda (CS, Technion)

Monday, 25.11.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Nested virtualization---running multiple hypervisors in virtual machines---has come a long way in recent years. Since we first published KVM nested virtualization on Intel platforms ("The Turtles project", 2010), nested virtualization has made important strides into the mainstream. These days, all hypervisors support it to some degrees, and hardware support specifically for nested virtualization is starting to appear. The first part of this talk will provide an overview of nested virtualization in KVM today, including several ...

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Autonomous operation in uncertain and partially unknown large-scale environments: perception, information fusion and planning

Vadim Indelman - CS-Lecture

Sunday, 24.11.2013, 14:30

Room 601 Taub Bld.

CGGC Seminar: 5-axis and 6-axis tool path generation for CNC- Machines

Christine Pranzas & Bastian Pranzas (ModuleWorks GmbH, Germany)

Sunday, 24.11.2013, 12:30

Taub 401

It is getting more and more popular to use 5-axis CNC-Milling machines to create parts out of metal or wood. 5-axis machines are necessary to place revolving tools at any position in space. During the presentation we want to give you a short overview about creating automated, efficient and smooth tool path algorithms for roughing and finishing (SWARF). The first presentation will give you an overview about 5-axis SWARF and 6-axis chain saw machining. Within ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Accurate and Scalable Security Analysis of Web Applications

Marco Pistoia (IBM New York)

Thursday, 21.11.2013, 10:30

Taub 539

Security auditing of industry-scale software systems mandates automation. Static taint analysis enables exhaustive tracking of data flows for detection of leakage and integrity violations, such as cross-site scripting, SQL injection, and log forging. Research in this area has taken two directions: program slicing and type systems. Both of these approaches suffer from a high rate of false findings, which limits the usability of analysis tools based on these techniques. Attempts to reduce the number of ...

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Theory Seminar: Average-case lower bounds for De Morgan Formula Size

Ilan Komargodski (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Wednesday, 20.11.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Average-case lower bounds for De Morgan Formula Size. We give a function $h:{0,1}^n \to {0,1}$ such that every deMorgan formula of size $n^{3-o(1)}/r^2$ agrees with $h$ on at most a fraction of $1/2+2^{-\Omega(r)}$ of the inputs. Our technical contributions include a theorem that shows that the ``expected shrinkage'' result of H{\aa}stad actually holds with very high probability, where the restrictions are chosen from a certain distribution that takes into account the structure of the formula. ...

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ceClub: Scaling Data Center Routers

Alex Shpiner (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 20.11.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Data center networks form one of the most challenging network environments for routers, due to their fast link rates, short propagation times, and high performance demands. In this talk, we analyze two router functions related to packet processing: address resolution and order preservation. The first part of the talk deals with VM (virtual machine) address resolution in data centers. Data centers can run multiple VMs, and potentially place them on any of the servers. Therefore, ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Improving Counter-cryptanalysis

Marc Stevens (Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Netherlands)

Wednesday, 20.11.2013, 10:00

EE Meyer Building 1003

Flame, a highly advanced malware for cyberwarfare discovered in May, spread itself as a properly, but illegitimately, signed Microsoft update security patch. Flame achieved this by forging a signature from Microsoft using a so-called chosen-prefix collision attack on the very weak cryptographic hash function MD5. In this talk I will focus on counter-cryptanalysis, a new paradigm for strengthening cryptographic primitives, and the first example thereof, namely an efficient anomaly detection technique that detects whether a ...

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Pixel Club: Empirical Intrinsic Geometries of Stochastic Datasets

Ronald Coifman (Mathematics and Computer Science, Yale)

Tuesday, 19.11.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1003

We will provide and overview of a range of ideas from Analysis, Statistical learning and diffusion Geometry , which address the transition from local data models to global configurations. In particular if the data under consideration is sensor data which is a noisy nonlinear complex transformation of natural parameters , we describe a methodology for deriving these parameters. Specifically we describe the role of eigenvectors (of appropriate locally learned “differential” transformations of histograms) as integration ...

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TCE Mini-course: Talk II - Approaches to Data Reconciliation

Ari Trachtenberg (Boston University)

Sunday, 17.11.2013, 11:00

Taub 701

The ability to share and reconcile similar data on remote devices with little communication is fundamental to a wide variety of applications, ranging from maintenance of your contacts across smartphones to over-the-air programming of sensors and synchronous maintenance of files within a cloud. The problem also has interesting connections to information theory, cryptography, gene sequencing, and computational linguistics. This two-talk course will begin with a formal statement of the problem, and some of its variants, ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: How to Write a Good (Systems) Paper?

Gernot Heiser (University of New South Wales)

Thursday, 14.11.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Lecture:

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Theory Seminar: An Optimal Randomized Online Algorithm for Reordering Buffer Management

Noa Avigdor-Elgrabli (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 13.11.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

An Optimal Randomized Online Algorithm for Reordering Buffer Management In the reordering buffer management problem an input sequence of colored items arrives online, and has to be rescheduled in a permuted output sequence of the same items, with the help of a buffer that can hold $k$ items. The items enter the buffer in their order of arrival. When the buffer is full, one item must be removed and scheduled in the output sequence, making ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: From L3 to seL4: What Have We Learnt in 20 Years of L4 Microkernels?

Gernot Heiser (University of New South Wales)

Wednesday, 13.11.2013, 11:30

Taub 401

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Lecture: The L4 microkernel has undergone 20 years of use and evolution. It has an active user and developer community, and there are commercial versions which are deployed on a large scale and in safety-critical systems. In this paper we examine the lessons learnt in those 20 years about microkernel design and implementation. We revisit the L4 design papers, and examine the evolution of design and implementation from the original L4 ...

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Impugning Alleged Randomness

Yuri Gurevich

Tuesday, 12.11.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: A Transform-based Variational Framework

Guy Gilboa (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 12.11.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

new framework is proposed for variational analysis and processing. It defines a functional-based nonlinear transform and inverse-transform. The framework is developed in the context of total-variation (TV), but it can be generalized to other one-homogeneous functionals. An eigenfunction, with respect to the subdifferential of the functional, such as a disk in the TV case, yields an impulse in the transform domain. This can be viewed as a generalization of known spectral approaches, based on linear ...

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Haifux Club: The Do-S and Don’t-S of Benchmarking

Gernot Heiser (University of New South Wales)

Monday, 11.11.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Lecture: A thorough and convincing evaluation is a core part of every systems paper, and generally involves some form of benchmarking. In my experience as a reviewer of hundreds of papers, there are a number of things people frequently get wrong in their evaluation. I have distilled those into a list of systems benchmarking crimes, most of which are sufficient reason to reject a paper. I will discuss those crimes and ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Can Truly Dependable Systems be Affordable?

Gernot Heiser (University of New South Wales)

Monday, 11.11.2013, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Lecture: With the formal verification of the seL4 microkernel, and subsequent work on assuring its safety and security properties, NICTA has recently not only demonstrated that unprecedented levels of assurance are possible, but also that the cost is competitive. In this talk I will examine what has been achieved, what the cost was, and how this might apply to larger systems, in particular the feasibility of assuring full-system safety or security. ...

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TCE Mini-course: Talk I - Approaches to Data Reconciliation

Ari Trachtenberg (Boston University)

Sunday, 10.11.2013, 11:00

Taub 701

The ability to share and reconcile similar data on remote devices with little communication is fundamental to a wide variety of applications, ranging from maintenance of your contacts across smartphones to over-the-air programming of sensors and synchronous maintenance of files within a cloud. The problem also has interesting connections to information theory, cryptography, gene sequencing, and computational linguistics. This two-talk course will begin with a formal statement of the problem, and some of its variants, ...

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Theory Seminar: Sparse Fault-Tolerant BFS Trees

Merav Parter (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Wednesday, 6.11.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

We addresses the problem of designing a sparse {\em fault-tolerant} BFS tree, or {\em FT-BFS tree} for short, namely, a sparse subgraph $T$ of the given network $G$ such that subsequent to the failure of a single edge or vertex, the surviving part $T'$ of $T$ still contains a BFS spanning tree for (the surviving part of) $G$. Our main results are as follows. We present an algorithm that for every $n$-vertex graph $G$ and ...

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Functional Operators : Algebraic Tools for Reasoning about Shapes and their Collections

Miri Ben-Chen

Tuesday, 5.11.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

TouchDevelop: CANCELLED!

Tuesday, 5.11.2013, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The CS Department and CeClub invite you to a special lecture by Jonathan "Peli" de Halleux (Senior Research SW Development Eng. Microsoft Research) on TouchDevelop: An App Creation Environment for a World of Devices, as follows: We are experiencing a technology shift: powerful and easy-to-use mobile devices like smartphones and tablets are becoming more prevalent than traditional PCs and laptops. TouchDevelop is a novel programming environment and language that makes it possible to write applications ...

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CGGC Seminar: Precise Convex Hull Computation for FreeformModels using a Hierarchical Gauss Map and a Coons Bounding Volume Hierarchy

Yong Joon Kim (CS, Technion)

Sunday, 3.11.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We present an interactive-speed algorithm for computing the precise convex hull of freeform geometric models. The algorithm is based on two pre-built data structures: (i) a Gauss map organized in a hierarchy of normal pyramids and (ii) a Coons bounding volume hierarchy (CBVH) which effectively approximates freeform surfaces with a hierarchy of bilinear surfaces. For the axis direction of each normal pyramid, we sample a point on the convex hull boundary using the CBVH. The ...

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How to Construct Multilingual Domain Ontologies

Nitzan Chrizman

Wednesday, 30.10.2013, 13:00

Taub 601

In information science, ontology is a structured framework for organizing information which represents knowledge as a set of concepts and the relationships between them. In this talk we will present our method which, given a domain, produces a multilingual ontology, that represents the main concepts within the domain, along with their attributes and the relationships between these concepts. Our process includes developing, relying on foundation ontologies, domain-ontology in English, and afterwards develop a corresponding domain-ontology ...

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Theory Seminar: Characterizing the Sample Complexity of Private Learners

Uri Stemmer (Ben-Gurion University)

Wednesday, 30.10.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Characterizing the Sample Complexity of Private Learners In 2008, Kasiviswanathan et al. defined private learning as a combination of PAC learning and differential privacy. Informally, a private learner is applied to a collection of labeled individual information and outputs a hypothesis while preserving the privacy of each individual. Kasiviswanathan et al. gave a generic construction of private learners for (finite) concept classes, with sample complexity logarithmic in the size of the concept class. This sample ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: (In-)Security of Smartphones

Ari Trachtenberg (Boston University)

Wednesday, 30.10.2013, 11:30

CS Taub Build. Auditorium 1

This talk will cover some of the prominent attack surfaces at all abstraction layers of modern smartphones, including those based on bypassing application signatures, USB takeover, GPS updates, commandeering the GSM subsystem, and filtering data from SSD memory. In the second part of the talk, we will present some of our own research into possible defenses against these or other attacks. Bio: Ari Trachtenberg is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Boston University. ...

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Haifux Club: OSv, a New Open-source Operating System for Virtual Machines

Nadav Har'El (Cloudius Systems)

Monday, 28.10.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

These days, most applications running on virtual machines in the cloud run on top of Linux. We all love Linux, but as an all-encompassing operating system for everything from phones to supercomputers, Linux was never really designed for virtual machines; It is big and complex, and it offers features (such as multi-user and multi-process) which are today made redundant by the hypervisor and slow it down. Linux's APIs are many times set in stone by ...

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Proving Mutual Termination of Programs

Dima Elenbogen

Sunday, 27.10.2013, 10:30

Taub 601

Two programs are said to be mutually terminating if they terminate on exactly the same inputs. We suggest a proof rule for proving mutual termination of a given pair of functions f,f' and the respective subprograms that they call under a free context. Given a (possibly partial) mapping between the functions of the two programs, the premise of the rule requires proving that given the same arbitrary input in, f(in) and f'(in) call functions mapped ...

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Theory Seminar: Byzantine Agreement in Expected Polynomial Time

Valerie King (University of Victoria)

Wednesday, 23.10.2013, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Byzantine agreement is a fundamental problem of distributed computing which involves coordination of processors when a constant fraction are controlled by a malicious adversary. I'll present the first algorithm with polynomial expected time in the asynchronous model where the adversary may corrupt processors adaptively and has full knowledge of the state of all processors. Ben-Or's 1983 expected exponential time algorithm reduced the problem to a series of iterations in which individual processors attempt to agree ...

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ceClub: Transactional Memory Specification: Theory and Practice

Victor Luchangco (Oracle Labs)

Wednesday, 23.10.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Transactional memory is a promising mechanism for synchronizing concurrent programs. There has been a lot of research in the past decade in implementing transactional memory. However, relatively little attention has been paid to precisely specifying what it means for them to be correct, which is necessary to reason rigorously about transactional memory. I will discuss some of the issues with such specifications, and why there is not a single "correct" specification. I will present several ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Fault-Tolerance via Idempotence

Ganesan Ramalingam (Microsoft Research India)

Tuesday, 22.10.2013, 11:30

Taub 401

Writing applications for distributed systems is challenging because of the pitfalls of distribution such as process failures and communication failures. One common requirement and challenge is the need for distributed applications that are idempotent. Idempotence ensures that the application functions correctly even when clients send duplicate requests, perhaps because the application failed to generate a response due to process failures, or because the response was generated but lost. Idempotence simplifies the composition of applications through ...

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Pixel Club: Nonparametric Blind Super-Resolution

Tomer Michaeli (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Tuesday, 22.10.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Super resolution (SR) algorithms typically assume that the point spread function (PSF) of the camera is known, or else assumed to be a standard low-pass filter (e.g. a Gaussian). We demonstrate that the performance of such methods significantly deteriorates when the PSF deviates from their “one-size-fits-all” model. Deviations from the nominal PSF may be caused, e.g. by small camera shake inducing motion blur, by optical variations between sensing devices, etc. Such variations may be hardly ...

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WOMEN@CS

Sunday, 20.10.2013, 16:30

CS Taub Build. Auditorium 2

Dear students (girls, and also boys) We invite you to launch a special project to promote women in Computer Science: WOMEN AT CS. The event will be held on Sunday, October 20, 2013 in Auditorium 2, CS Taub Building for Computer Science. Program: 16:30 - Greetings - Prof. Irad Yavneh, Dean, Technion Computer Science - Prof. Yossi Gil, Technion Computer Science - Prof. Miriam Erez, Chair, Council for Advancing Women in Science and Technology 16:45 ...

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A Semi-Automatic System for Non-Rigid Matching and Temporally Coherent Lumo Shading of Animation Sequences

Dany Rybnikov

Sunday, 20.10.2013, 13:00

Taub 401

Applying a depth effect or a 3D-like look to hand-drawn animations can be just as visually rewarding as rendering of a full 3D animation character. In this work we present a method for computer-assisted shading of 2D animation sequences where the main character undergoes non-rigid deformations between the frames. The system receives as input a sequence of vectorized 2D animation frames containing an outline sketch of the character and applies a 3D shading effect directly ...

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Sample Complexity of Training Markov Chains

Roman Talyansky

Wednesday, 16.10.2013, 14:30

Taub 601

In this talk we present practical sample complexity bounds for learning Markov chains. In our setting a learning algorithm receives as input the training data and the desired accuracy requirements and returns as output a Markov chain that satisfies these requirements. An important question is whether the training data contains enough information to achieve the required accuracy. To answer this question we developed practical lower bounds on the sample complexity of training Markov chains. If ...

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Sparsity Models for Signals: Theory and Applications

Raja Giryes

Tuesday, 15.10.2013, 11:30

Taub 337

Many signal and image processing applications have benefited remarkably from the theory of sparse representations. In the classical synthesis model, the signal is assumed to have a sparse representation under a given dictionary. In this work we focus on greedy methods for the problem of recovering a signal from a set of deteriorated linear measurements. We consider four different sparsity frameworks that extend the aforementioned synthesis model that target the signal's representation: (i) The cosparse ...

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Haifux Club: Ginseng: Market-driven Memory Allocation

Orna Agmon Ben-Yehuda (CS, Technion)

Monday, 14.10.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Physical memory is the scarcest resource in today’s cloud computing platforms. Cloud providers would like to maximize their clients’ satisfaction by renting precious physical memory to those clients who value it the most. But real-world cloud clients are selfish: they will only tell their providers the truth about how much they value memory when it is in their own best interest to do so. How can real-world cloud providers allocate memory efficiently to those (selfish) ...

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Pixel Club: Shape Analysis in the Spectral Domain

Yonathan Aflalo (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 9.10.2013, 14:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The field of shape analysis is rapidly growing. It involves processing of geometric structures for which tools from numerical, metric, diffusion, and differential geometries are exploited. In this thesis we propose to extend the set of classical tools used in this domain by designing new geometries and solving classical problems in the natural spectral domain. We first define a new scale- invariant metric and extend existing procedures to deal with objects that are subject to ...

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Learning to Construct and Reason with a Large Knowledge Base of Extracted Information

William Cohen

Tuesday, 8.10.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Probabilistic Local Variation Segmentation

Michael Baltaxe

Tuesday, 8.10.2013, 11:30

Taub 337

The goal of image oversegmentation is to divide an image into several pieces or "segments", such that each segment is part of an object present in the scene. Contrary to image segmentation algorithms, an oversegmentation algorithm is allowed to output more segments than the number of objects that appear in the image. Oversegmentation is a very common preprocessing step for several common computer vision tasks. In this work we study image oversegmentation and develop new ...

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CGGC M.Sc. Seminar: Probabilistic Local Variation Segmentation

Michael Baltaxe (Computer Science, Technion)

Tuesday, 8.10.2013, 11:30

Taub 337

The goal of image oversegmentation is to divide an image into several pieces or "segments", such that each segment is part of an object present in the scene. Contrary to image segmentation algorithms, an oversegmentation algorithm is allowed to output more segments than the number of objects that appear in the image. Oversegmentation is a very common preprocessing step for several common computer vision tasks. In this work we study image oversegmentation and develop new ...

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CGGC Seminar: Filament-based Smoke

Steffen Weißmann (Technische Universität Berlin)

Monday, 7.10.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Vortex filaments provide an intuitive and compact tool for the simulation of smoke in the context of special effects. We present a model that includes moving obstacles with vortex shedding as well as variational filament reconnection. The method is able to simulate smoke in high detail at interactive rates, even over long simulation periods. Furthermore, we will present a method to decompose an existing velocity field (on a grid) into a set of vortex filaments, ...

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CGGC M.Sc. Seminar: Augmenting 2D planar maps to 3D

Nir Hershko (Computer Science, Technion)

Sunday, 6.10.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Maps of the world around us are used daily for many purposes such as navigation or location-based services. However, our experience with maps is usually limited to a 2D top-down projection. Using a 3D map instead have some advantages, such as easier navigation and orientation, more realistic modeling and simulation of natural phenomena such as water flow or line-of-sight analysis, and better understanding of the elevation differences. In this talk, we will present a few ...

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Fast Decisions in High-Speed Networking Devices

Josef Hai Kanizo

Wednesday, 2.10.2013, 11:30

Taub 337

Tables that match a given key to its value (e.g., hash tables) have become crucial algorithmic building blocks for contemporary networking devices that need to take decisions on a large amount of data at high speed. Unlike traditional table-based data structures, the networking environment provides only very limited memory and necessitates a strict worst-case operation time. Furthermore, since such tables typically lie on the critical path of networking devices, the total number of memory accesses ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Privacy and the SDLC

Marc Donner (Engineering Director, Google)

Tuesday, 1.10.2013, 11:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Strict implementation of data protection to support privacy protections for highly sensitive personal data can lead to difficult challenges for the development teams when faced with diagnostic, maintenance, and product evolution tasks. In this talk I will outline one specific privacy regime, healthcare data, that illustrates fundamental principles that will have to be addressed by all privacy-sensitive systems in the long term. Bio: Marc Donner was born in a log cabin on the lower East ...

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Haifux Club: Software Defined Networking

Yonatan Zilpa (See Security College)

Monday, 30.9.2013, 19:30

Taub 5

In this talk we will give a brief review on SDN paradigm for networking. We start with a brief historical introduction on the evolution of SDN. While still an evolving SDN paradigm offers significant benefits. In oppose to Interdomain routing the SDN paradigm separates the control plane from the data plane this paradigm creates new opportunities and challenges. Among the benefit side SDN offers better routing policy constraints, easy service deployment, adaptability, security features and ...

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Haifux Club: Software Licensing for Dummies / Software Developers

Jonathan J. Klinger (Legal Counsel, Digital Rights Movement)

Monday, 16.9.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

In my lecture, we shall discuss Licensing basics, including (i) basis to copyright law; (ii) what is software licensing; (iii) how does software licensing differ from physical matters; (iv) what is open source licensing. After grabbing the basics, we shall discuss the specialties of Open Source software, and understand the different licenses and license types.

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Haifux Club: You & The Biometric Database

Jonathan J. Klinger (Legal Counsel, Digital Rights Movement)

Monday, 2.9.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

In this talk, I shall discuss the use of biometrics for personal identification by governmental authorities: The establishment of biometric databases and the use of biometrics as unique identifiers against state actors and other establishments. My main hypothesis is that the use of biometrics is an apparatus for control that was first used on inmates, criminals and other risk groups, then conveyed to immigrants and other weak points in society. After this was concluded, then ...

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Social Media and Telling the World's Stories

Mor Naaman

Tuesday, 27.8.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: On 3D Spirals and Surface Completion

Gur Harary (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 14.8.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

My research addresses two fields. The first field is 3D spirals, were we define two novel three-dimensional spirals: the 3D Euler spirals and the 3D logarithmic spirals, and demonstrate their utility for curve completion and for modeling. The second field is surface completion. Both fields are incorporated to create a surface completion algorithm that is able to complete extensively large holes. In this talk I will focus on surface completion. Physical artifacts often contain holes ...

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CGGC M.Sc. Seminar: Fair Multi-Label Reconstruction from Cross-Sections

Raeda Naamneh (CS, Technion)

Sunday, 11.8.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We propose an algorithm for reconstructing a multi-label object from cross-sections in a fair manner. We handle the problem in its full generality: Cross-sections need not be parallel or complete, every section may contain an unlimited number of contours with any geometries and in any level of containment hierarchy. We focus on the simultaneous reconstruction of an object from contours with multiple labels "colors", in scenarios in which interpolating separately between contours of each color ...

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Pixel Club: Siftpack: A Compact Representation for Efficient Sift Matching

Alexandra Gilinsky (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 6.8.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Computing distances between large sets of SIFT descriptors is a basic step in numerous algorithms in computer vision. When the number of descriptors is large, as is often the case, computing these distances can be extremely time consuming. In this research we propose the SIFTpack: a compact way of storing SIFT descriptors, which enables significantly faster calculations between sets of SIFTs than the current solutions. SIFTpack can be used to represent SIFTs densely extracted from ...

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Haifux Club: RAll I really need to know about bioinformatics, I learnt in Haifux

Boaz Goldstein

Monday, 5.8.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Our new ability to create large amounts of biological data has created an abundance of tools to deal with the manipulations and data-mining required. however, like every new tool, they have limitations, edge-cases, and quirks. I've discovered that sometimes the old ways are the best ways. grep, sort, awk, and sed deal very will with large data-sets and parallel processing, and I've found that i use them for 90% of bioinformatic tasks, and quite successfully. ...

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Pixel Club: Using Phase Diversity and Custom Codes with Time of Flight Cameras for Multi Path Resolution and High Speed Imaging

Micha Feigin (MIT Media Lab)

Monday, 5.8.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The emergence of commercial time-of-flight (ToF) cameras has motivated extensive utilization in computer vision. Gesture recognition, scene identification, and depth estimation are important applications that require accurate ranging information. The current prevailing approach in ToF uses amplitude-modulated continuous wave illumination of a scene. These ToF cameras produce real-time range maps at a relatively low cost. However, they are geared to measure range (or phase) for a single reflected bounce of light and suffer from systematic ...

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Pixel Club: 3D Shape from Underwater Flickering Illumination

Yohay Swirski (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 23.7.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

The underwater environment is challenging for computer vision tasks. Poor visibility, geometrical distortions and spatio-temporal varying illumination are some of the physical sources of these challenges. Spatio-temporal varying illumination is created by refraction of light through the wavy water surface and is known as underwater flicker. In past studies, flicker has often been considered to be an undesired effect, which degrades the quality of images. In contrast, this research shows that flicker can actually be ...

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Haifux Club: Replicate and Bundle (RnB) - A Mechanism for Relieving Bottlenecks in Data Centers

Shahar Raindel

Monday, 22.7.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

This work addresses the scalability and efficiency of RAM-based storage systems wherein multiple objects must be retrieved per user request. Here, much of the CPU work is per server transaction, not per requested item. Adding servers and spreading the data across them also spreads any given set of requested items across more servers, thereby increasing the total number of server transactions per user request. The resulting poor scalability, dubbed the Multi-get Hole, has been reported ...

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2nd TCE Summer School

Sunday, 21.7.2013, 09:15

Auditorium 2, CS Taub Building

The 2nd TCE Summer Course on Computer Security will be held on Sunday-Thursday, July 21-25, 2013, at CS Taub Building, Auditorium 2. Lectures will be given in Hebrew. Attendees should hold a basic background in security in the form of industrial experience or academic courses. Registration is closed.

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Bioinformatics Forum: Next Generation Sequencing for Cancer Genomics: Bioinformatics Perspective

Raya Khanin (Bioinformatics Core, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, NY)

Wednesday, 17.7.2013, 13:30

Taub 701

As the production of next generation sequencing data is now a relatively trivial component, it is apparent that bioinformatics is becoming the single largest ongoing cost in terms of computing infrastructure and personnel. Moreover, with dozens of computations methods being developed for each step in the data processing, analysis and integration, it is proving to be extremely challenging to design efficient and robust pipeline for next generation sequencing data. This problem is magnified in clinical ...

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CGGC Seminar: Geometric Multi-Covering

Rouven Strauss (CS, Technion)

Sunday, 14.7.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We present a general, unified framework to resolve geometric covering problems. The problem is reduced to a set-cover search in parametric space. Both an optimal and an approximation algorithm are proposed and implemented, each of which is highly parallel. Computer graphics techniques are employed as part of the framework's solution, and for higher efficiency, our implementation of this framework heavily exploits GPU based computations. Our results are demonstrated based on two specific applications: firstly, illumination ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Wireless, Self-Organizing Networking Research at UCSC's Internetwork Research Group

Katia Obraczka (UC Santa Cruz)

Wednesday, 10.7.2013, 12:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This talk with provide an overview of the research on wireless self-organizing networking we have been conducting at UC Santa Cruz's Internetwork Research Group (i-NRG). I will describe some of our current projects ranging from mobility modeling and characterization, sensor network deployment, estimating network conditions using machine learning techniques. Bio: Katia Obraczka is Professor of Computer Engineering at UC Santa Cruz. Before joining UCSC, she held a reserach scientist position at USC's Information Sciences Institute ...

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Dunking it out at the Smartphone MobileMapping App Corral: Apple, Google, And The Competition

Hanan Samet (Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland)

Tuesday, 9.7.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The recent introduction of the Apple iPhone 5 and the accompanying iOS6 software environment which, among other changes, replaced the use of a mapping App based on Google's map data with one that makes use of Apple's map data, as well as changing the decisions as to what data is displayed (served to the user) in responses to queries (especially implicit ones through the manipulation of the viewing window), has led to significant changes in ...

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Pixel Club: Spatio-Temporal Bit-Allocation for Low Bit-Rate Video Coding

Yehuda Dar (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 9.7.2013, 13:30

Taub 401

The digital video is a 3D spatio-temporal signal formed as a sequence of 2D images (frames) captured over time. Hence, a sampled video represents a large amount of information. As a result, video transmission and storage systems require efficient coding and should be analyzed from a rate-distortion perspective. Specifically, good quality video coding for low bit-rate applications has great importance for transmission over narrow-bandwidth channels and for storage with limited memory capacity. Improvement of low ...

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On parametrizations in motion and structure

Guy Rosman

Tuesday, 9.7.2013, 11:30

Taub 337

One of the most important aspects of solving a problem is that of choosing an appropriate parameterization. This trivial observation can be seen in many forms in image processing and computer vision. Global parametrizations include the Hough and Fourier transforms, whereas local parameterizations include sparsity-based patch models and over-parameterized approaches. My research explores important cases in motion analysis and 3D reconstruction where a careful choice of the parameterization matters. It leads, in these cases, to ...

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Pixel Club: On Parametrizations in Motion and Structure

Guy Rosman (CS, Technion)

Tuesday, 9.7.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

One of the most important aspects of solving a problem is that of choosing an appropriate parameterization. This trivial observation can be seen in many forms in image processing and computer vision. Global parametrizations include the Hough and Fourier transforms, whereas local parameterizations include sparsity-based patch models and over-parameterized approaches. My research explores important cases in motion analysis and 3D reconstruction where a careful choice of the parameterization matters. It leads, in these cases, to ...

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Haifux Club: DNS Cache-Poisoning: New Attacks and Defenses

Haya Shulman

Monday, 8.7.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

The Domain Name System (DNS) is key to the availability and correct operation of the Internet. Due to its significance it is also a lucrative target for attacks, most notably for cache poisoning. DNS cache-poisoning enables attackers to redirect clients to malicious hosts, allowing distribution of malware, credentials theft, phishing and spam, web sites defacement, and more. Cryptographic defenses were designed (DNSSEC), but are not widely deployed; instead, multiple challenge-response defenses are used. However, we ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Toward Understanding the Urban Information

Qiao WANG (Nanjing Institute of Communications Technologies)

Sunday, 7.7.2013, 14:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

There are over one hundred big cities in China, each with population more than one million. It brings us both challenge and opportunity to develop information processing technologies for establishing the urban service system, based on understanding the behavior of people in these cities. In this talk, we will illustrate the evolution patterns concerning the business hot-pots, traffic, and/or flu propagation, according to analysis from Chinese social networks and other sources. The research is based ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Architecting Memory Systems for Emerging Technologies

Moinuddin Qureshi (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Wednesday, 3.7.2013, 12:30

EE Meyer Building 861

As conventional memory technologies such as DRAM run into the scaling wall, architects and system designers are forced to look at alternative technologies for building future computer systems. Several emerging Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) technologies such as PCM, STT-RAM, and Memristors have the potential to boost memory capacity in a scalable and power-efficient manner. However, these technologies are not drop-in replacements and will require novel solutions to enable their deployment. Even the prime candidates among these ...

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ceClub: Spanner: Google's Globally-Distributed Database

Brian Cooper (Google)

Wednesday, 3.7.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Spanner is Google's scalable, multi-version, globally-distributed, and synchronously-replicated database. It provides strong transactional semantics, consistent replication, and high performance reads and writes for a variety of Google's applications. I'll discuss the design and implementation of Spanner, as well as some of the lessons we have learned along the way. I'll also discuss some open challenges that we still see in building scalable distributed storage systems. Bio: Brian F. Cooper is a software engineer on the ...

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Software Engineering Projects Annual Presentation

Tuesday, 2.7.2013, 10:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The CS annual Program Engineering presentation will be held by the on Tuesday, July 2 2013, between 10:30-12.30, in CS Taub 337 (3rd floor)as follows: Elfy Elfy is a software project designed to make the lives of cancer patients and their loved ones better, by presenting: An android application for monitoring various patients' everyday health-related parameters combined with: - real-time feedback to patients' caretakers in case of worsening in patients' state - A user-friendly website ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: The Role of Computer Designers in Reverse-engineering the Brain

James Smith (University of Wisconsin, Emeritus)

Sunday, 30.6.2013, 14:30

EE Meyer Building 815

A truly grand challenge for science in general, and for computer architects and designers in particular, is to understand the mammalian brain’s computing paradigm and then construct a computing device that embodies that paradigm. Although computer designers have a potential role to play in solving this grand challenge, it is up to us to define that role. From a computer designer’s perspective, I will illustrate the current understanding of the brain’s computational paradigm by describing ...

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CGGC Seminar: Efficient Preconditioning of Laplacian Matrices for Computer Graphics

Raanan Fattal (CS, Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Sunday, 30.6.2013, 13:00

Taub 401

I will present a new multi-level preconditioning scheme for Laplacian matrices that arise in various computer vision and mathematical physics applications. The new approach combines principles from the multigrid and combinatorial preconditioning methodologies in order to overcome various shortcomings. In a first step, the new method adaptively eliminates a set of uncoupled variables from the linear system and by that simplifies the solution of nearly half of the variables in the system. A recursive application ...

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Computer Architecture Day 2013

Friday, 28.6.2013, 09:00

EE Meyer Building 1003

Computer Architecture Day by TCE on Future Directions in Computer Architecture will be held on Friday, June 28 2013 in EE Meyer Building, Room 1003 between 9:00-15:00. Leading researchers in Computer Architecture share their vision, outlook and views with students, faculty and industry representatives. This is A rare opportunity to hear from the best in the field.

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Haifux Club: The Technion LyX Conspiracy

Ronen Abravanel (Physics, Technion) and Daniel Vainsencher (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 26.6.2013, 16:00

EE Meyer Building 815

If you're like us, you love LyX, and wish you could do everything from it: - Write your papers with the conference style file - Collaborate with LaTeX-only people - Use it for a blog... Problem: not everything works. Solution: report bugs and fix problems together, and eat pizza! The plan on 26/6, 4 to 8 pm, in room 815 of the EE Mayer building: - Lightning talks. Currently planned (you are invited to show ...

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Efficient Use of Geographically Spread Cloud Resources

Alexander Zlotnik

Wednesday, 26.6.2013, 13:30

Taub 601

With the expansion of cloud computing, more and more global services are offered from several locations around the globe. Naturally, the demand for cloud services in each geographical location changes over time depending on the time of the day. Thus, when one data center (say in the east coast of the US) experiences peak daily load, other data centers (say in Europe) experience lower daily loads. Our research addresses the efficiency of load sharing between ...

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Segel-Students End of Year Party 2013

Wednesday, 26.6.2013, 12:30

CS Taub Lobby

The 2013 Segel-Sudent End of Year Party will be held on Wednesday, June 26, 2013, between 12:30-14:30, at the CS Taub Lobby. ree beer, volleyball game with CS Team (on the lawn) plenty of fun are guaranteed. You are all invited.

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ceClub: On the Steady State of Cache Networks (Infocom Best Paper Award)

Elisha Rosensweig (Infocom Best Paper Award)

Wednesday, 26.6.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 815

Over the past few years Content-Centric Networking, a networking model in which host-to-content communication protocols are introduced, has been gaining much attention. A central component of such an architecture is a large-scale interconnected caching system. To date, the way these Cache Networks operate and perform is still poorly understood. In this work, we demonstrate that certain cache networks are non-ergodic in that their steady-state characterization depends on the initial state of the system. We then ...

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ceClub: Visualization Tools to Analyze Multi-threaded Program Scalability and Performance

Jennifer Sartor (Ghent University)

Monday, 24.6.2013, 11:30

Taub 9

Analyzing multi-threaded program scalability and performance on modern multicore machines is challenging, but paramount to continue optimizing software and to use hardware resources efficiently. Synchronization between threads results in some threads running while others wait on locks and barriers. We create a new metric, the criticality metric, to judge each thread's contribution to program execution time based on synchronization. The criticality metric takes into account how much time a thread is running and how many ...

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CGGC Seminar: Recent Results on Subdivision-Based Polynomial Solvers

Iddo Hanniel (Mechanical Engineering, Technion)

Sunday, 23.6.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Solving polynomial systems of equations is an important problem in many fields such as computer-aided design, manufacturing and robotics. In recent years, subdivision-based solvers, which typically make use of the properties of the Bezier/B-spline representation, have proven very successful in solving such systems of polynomial constraints. A major drawback in using subdivision solvers is their lack of scalability. When the given constraint is represented as a tensor product of its variables, it grows exponentially in ...

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TCE Talk Series - Talk IV: Computer Architecture (3 hours)

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Prof. Yale Patt (The University of Texas at Austin)

Friday, 21.6.2013, 09:00

EE Meyer Building 165

Using computers to solve problems requires starting with a natural language formulation of the problem and systematically transforming it until one has a machine language (ISA) specification of the problem (i.e., a program). This then is executed on the implementation hardware. As Moore's Law continues to provide more and more transistors on a chip (50 billion transistors in a few years), application specialists continue to think up more and more applications that require additional processing ...

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TCE Talk Series - Talk III: Computer Architecture (4 hours)

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Prof. Yale Patt (The University of Texas at Austin)

Thursday, 20.6.2013, 14:30

EE Meyer Building 165

Using computers to solve problems requires starting with a natural language formulation of the problem and systematically transforming it until one has a machine language (ISA) specification of the problem (i.e., a program). This then is executed on the implementation hardware. As Moore's Law continues to provide more and more transistors on a chip (50 billion transistors in a few years), application specialists continue to think up more and more applications that require additional processing ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: Off-Path Hacking: The Illusion of Challenge-Response Authentication

Amir Herzberg (Bar-Ilan University)

Wednesday, 19.6.2013, 11:30

Taub 3

Everyone is concerned about Internet security, yet most traffic is not cryptographically protected. The usual justification is that most attackers are only off-path and cannot intercept traffic; hence, challenge-response mechanisms suffice to ensure authenticity. Usually, the challenges re-use existing `unpredictable' protocol header fields; this allows use of existing, widely-deployed protocols such as TCP and DNS. We argue that this practice may only give an illusion of security. We present our recent off-path TCP injection and ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Natural Images, Gaussian Mixtures and Dead Leaves

Daniel Zoran (Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Tuesday, 18.6.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Simple Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs) learned from pixels of natural image patches have been recently shown to be surprisingly strong performers in modeling the statistics of natural images. Here we provide an in depth analysis of this simple yet rich model. We show that such a GMM model is able to compete with even the most successful models of natural images in log likelihood scores, denoising performance and sample quality. We provide an analysis of ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Haifux Club: Efﬁcient and Scalable Paravirtual I/O System---

Abel Gordon (IBM HRL)

Monday, 17.6.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Hypervisors implement useful features such as live migration and software-defined networking by interposing on their guest virtual machines’ I/O activity. Unfortunately, this interposition significantly reduces performance and scalability due to competition for resources between multiple guests and costly host/guest context switches. We present an efficient and scalable software-based I/O virtualization system that provides all of the benefits of I/O interposition while running host functionality on separate cores dedicated to serving multiple guests’ I/O. We find ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Learning To Perceive: Developing Visual Concepts from Unlabeled

Danny Harari (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Monday, 17.6.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We consider the tasks of learning to recognize hands and direction of gaze from unlabeled natural video streams. These are known to be highly challenging tasks for current computational methods. However, infants learn to solve these visual problems early in development - during the first year of life. This gap between computational difficulty and infant learning is particularly striking. We present a model which is shown a stream of natural videos, and learns without any ...

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[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Hands-on Maya Tutorial

Mira Shalah (CS, Technion)

Sunday, 16.6.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Autodesk Maya provides powerful integrated animation, modeling, simulation, rendering, and compositing tools on a robust and extensible CG pipeline core. Autodesk’s Maya has proved invaluable to the CG industry. A skilled Maya modeler can build a computer model of a detailed machine part, or a multi-floor building, using just this flexible software. In fact, if you can imagine it, Maya can model it. The advanced Maya workflow extends further, taking the wireframe model and adding ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk II: Computer Architecture (3 hours)

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Prof. Yale Patt (The University of Texas at Austin)

Friday, 14.6.2013, 09:00

EE Meyer Building 165

Using computers to solve problems requires starting with a natural language formulation of the problem and systematically transforming it until one has a machine language (ISA) specification of the problem (i.e., a program). This then is executed on the implementation hardware. As Moore's Law continues to provide more and more transistors on a chip (50 billion transistors in a few years), application specialists continue to think up more and more applications that require additional processing ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk I: Computer Architecture (4 hours)

Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor Prof. Yale Patt (The University of Texas at Austin)

Thursday, 13.6.2013, 14:30

EE Meyer Building 165

[Full version]

Linear Time Encodable Codes and Cryptography

Erez Druk

Wednesday, 12.6.2013, 14:30

Taub 401

An error-correcting code with minimal distance d encodes a k-bit message by an n-bit codeword such that any two distinct codewords differ in at least d coordinates. It is well known that a random code, or even a random linear code, has a good minimal distance with high probability. Moreover, the conjectured intractability of decoding random linear codes has recently found several applications in cryptography. A major disadvantage of random linear codes is that their ...

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Theoretical Foundations of Selective Prediction

Yair Wiener

Wednesday, 12.6.2013, 13:00

Taub 601

In selective prediction, a predictor (e.g. classifier or regressor) is allowed to abstain from prediction on part of the domain. The objective is to improve the accuracy of predictions by compromising coverage. This talk will focus on the theoretical foundations of selective prediction and its applications for selective classification, selective regression, and active learning. A classical result in statistical learning theory is that the excess risk of a classifier can be written as a sum ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: Matroid Secretary for Regular and Decomposable Matroids

Armando Castaneda (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 12.6.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

The M-renaming task requires n+1 processes, each starting with a unique input name (from an arbitrary large range), to coordinate the choice of new output names from a range of size M. This talk presents the first upper bound on the complexity of 2n-renaming, when n + 1 is not a prime power. It is known that 2n-renaming can be solved if and only if n+1 is not a prime power; however, the previous proof ...

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ceClub: Multi-core, Mega-nonsense

Yale Patt (Henry Taub Distinguished Visitor)University of Texas at Austin

Wednesday, 12.6.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Multicore has been around for several years now, and we hear it touted as the panacea of everything. ...until recently, that is. As expected, the hype has generated a lot of nonsense. We are told that multicore came about as a solution to a performance problem, that multicore allows you to run your problems at half the frequency and save power, that ILP is dead, that Moore's Law means we can put thousands (perhaps millions?) ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Relations between linear programming, dynamic programming, and the min-sum algorithm.

Guy Even

Tuesday, 11.6.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: Transform Methods in Image Processing: from 1970-th till Present Time

Leonid Yaroslavsky (Tel-Aviv University)

Tuesday, 11.6.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Transform image processing methods are methods that work in domains of image transforms, such as Discrete Fourier, Discrete Cosine, Wavelet and alike. They can be traced back to 1970-ths. The presentation reviews these methods in their applications for image recovery and restoration, target location, image re-sampling and interpolation. Specifically, the following issues are addressed with emphasis on comparison and relationship with more recent and popular methods: - Local adaptive transform domain image restoration and enhancement ...

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[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Depth, More or Less

Shai Avidan (Tel Aviv University)

Sunday, 9.6.2013, 13:00

Taub 8

This talk is more or less about depth. In the "more" part of the talk I will describe a method to recover depth and motion of a dynamic event captured by two snapshots of a camera array. The key idea is to represent the scene as a synthetic aperture volume and reduce the problem to volume registration that was already done in the medical imaging community. Camera arrays capture huge amounts of data and in ...

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CGGC & Pixel Club Seminar: Perception-driven and Artistically Motivated Interactive Graphics

Tobias Ritschel (Max Planck Institut informatik, Germany)

Sunday, 9.6.2013, 10:00

Taub 3

Creating visually convincing content, e.g. for movies or interactive applications such as computer games involves a lot of manual work, artistic skill and computational power. Ideally, however, users with limited artistic skills and competence, should be enabled to produce visually appealing content as well, in real-time and on every machine. This talk will discuss four questions that are important when working towards this goal: What might be the fastest way to compute shading that might ...

[Full version]

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TCE Talk Series - Talk IV: Computer Architecture

Prof. Alexandru Losup (Delft University of Technology)

Thursday, 6.6.2013, 10:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This series of talks focuses on the research and education conducted by the PDS group in recent years, on topics such as grid and cloud computing, systems for massively multiplayer online games, big data, and gamification of higher education. Our research focuses on the modeling, the design, the implementation, and the analysis of parallel and distributed systems and algorithms. Our research is fundamental in that we aim to develop and evaluate generic methods and techniques, ...

[Full version]

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Cost Aware Fault Recovery in Clouds

Assaf Israel

Wednesday, 5.6.2013, 15:30

Taub 601

Maintaining high availability of Ifrastructure-as-a-Service services at a reasonable cost is a challenging task that received recent attention due to the growing popularity of Cloud computing as a preferred means of affordable IT outsourcing. In large data-centers, faults are prone to happen and thus the only reasonable cost-effective method of providing high availability of services is an SLA aware recovery plan; that is, a mapping of the service VMs onto backup machines where they can ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: Matroid Secretary for Regular and Decomposable Matroids

Michael Dinitz (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Wednesday, 5.6.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

In the matroid secretary problem we are given a stream of elements and asked to choose a set of elements that maximizes the total value of the set, subject to being an independent set of a matroid given in advance. The difficulty comes from the assumption that decisions are irrevocable: if we choose to accept an element when it is presented by the stream then we can never get rid of it, and if we ...

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ceClub: Spinal Codes

Jonathan Perry (MIT)

Wednesday, 5.6.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Handling noise and interference in wireless networks requires adaptive, high-performance error correction. Spinal codes are a new rateless error correcting code that iteratively applies a hash function to message bits, ensuring that two input messages that differ in even one bit produce very different coded sequences after the point at which they differ. Spinal codes offer a flexible tradeoff between computational cost and performance. Because spinal codes are rateless, they automatically adapt to changing channel ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Haifux Club: Massivizing OpenTTD: Distributed Computing Challenges and Quality Time

Prof. Alexandru Losup (Delft University of Technology)

Monday, 3.6.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Hundreds of online games entertain over 250,000,000 online gamers in a maturing global market of over 30 billion Euros. A popular game genre is Real Time Strategy (RTS), which includes games such as StarCraft II (one of the best-selling games of 2010). Although Real-Time Strategy (RTS) games already entertain hundreds of millions of online players, the current games do not scale. For example, even popular RTS games such as the StarCraft series support in the ...

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[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Co-segmentations and Structural Co-Hierarchies of Sets of Shapes

Oliver Van Kaick (Tel Aviv University)

Sunday, 2.6.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

I would like to present our work where we address the challenge of computing consistent segmentations of sets of shapes. The sets may exhibit significant variability, with the shapes differing in their geometry and topology, as in the case of man-made shapes. We stipulate that, in this context, a correspondence between shape parts can be established by the incorporation of additional knowledge present in the set itself or provided by user input. Thus, we introduce ...

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CGGC Seminar: An Operator Approach to Tangent Vector Field Processing

Omri Azencot (CS, Technion)

Thursday, 30.5.2013, 13:00

Taub 401

Ph.D. Direct Track seminar: We introduce a novel coordinate-free method for manipulating and analyzing vector fields on discrete surfaces. Unlike the commonly used representations of a vector field as an assignment of vectors to the faces of the mesh, or as real values on edges, we argue that vector fields can also be naturally viewed as operators whose domain and range are functions defined on the mesh. Although this point of view is common in ...

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Robust Epipolar Geometry Estimation using Noisy Pose Priors

Yehonatan Goldman

Wednesday, 29.5.2013, 14:30

Taub 601

Epipolar geometry estimation is fundamental to many computer vision algorithms. It has therefore attracted a lot of interest in recent years, yielding high quality estimation algorithms for wide baseline image pairs. Currently many types of cameras (e.g., in smartphones and robot navigation systems) produce geo-tagged images containing pose and internal calibration data. Exploiting this information as part of an epipolar geometry estimation algorithm may be useful but not trivial, since the pose measurement may be ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: On SIFT and their Scales

Viki Mayzels (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 29.5.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Scale invariant feature detectors often find stable scales in only a few image pixels. Consequently, methods for feature matching typically choose one of two extreme options: matching a sparse set of scale invariant features, or dense matching using arbitrary scales. In this thesis we turn our attention to the overwhelming majority of pixels, those where stable scales are not found by standard techniques. We ask, is scale-selection necessary for these pixels, when dense, scale-invariant matching ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Haifux Club: Resource Management in Linux

Rami Rosen

Monday, 27.5.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

1. Resource management in Linux 2. Kernel Namespaces implementation (kernel 3.8) 3. Kernel Namespaces as an infrastructure for process virtualizaton - Network namespaces and pid namespaces kernel implementation - System calls for namespaces - usage examples - creating linux namespaces in user space and attaching process to these namespaces 4. cgroup kernel implementation - cgroup VFS - cgroup filesystem ops for handling cgroups (create/attach processes, cgroup subsystem VFS specific operations, etc) examples - The cgroup ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk III: Computer Architecture

Prof. Alexandru Losup (Delft University of Technology)

Monday, 27.5.2013, 10:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This series of talks focuses on the research and education conducted by the PDS group in recent years, on topics such as grid and cloud computing, systems for massively multiplayer online games, big data, and gamification of higher education. Our research focuses on the modeling, the design, the implementation, and the analysis of parallel and distributed systems and algorithms. Our research is fundamental in that we aim to develop and evaluate generic methods and techniques, ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Shape Spaces of Polyhedral Meshes

Amir Vaxman (Vienna University of Technology, Austria)

Sunday, 26.5.2013, 12:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Polyhedral meshes are meshes in which all faces are planar. These meshes are of paramount importance to architectural and industrial geometry, as such faces can be assumed with ease with plates of glass or wood. Furthermore, polyhedral meshes are considered as a discrete counterpart of continuous conjugate-parametrized surfaces. I will talk about methods to design such meshes by generalizing known methods from triangular-mesh processing, such as subdivision and deformation, and means to explore the shape ...

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Efficient Query Recommendation

Gregory Borodin

Wednesday, 22.5.2013, 12:30

Taub 601

In large organizations, frequently the database has a large and intricate schema, hence, formulating queries is cumbersome. In such organizations, users can benefit from finding relevant queries in the query log of the database -- queries that can serve as an initial example for query formulation, or queries that were written by experts and elucidate how to write the query in an optimized manner. In this work we describe a recommendation system that assists users ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: From Hierarchical Partitions to Hierarchical Covers: Optimal
Fault-Tolerant Spanners for Doubling Metrics

Shay Solomon (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Wednesday, 22.5.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

A {\em $(1+\eps)$-spanner} for a doubling metric $(X,\delta)$ is a subgraph $H$ of the complete graph corresponding to $(X,\delta)$, which preserves all pairwise distances to within a factor of $1+\eps$. A natural requirement from a spanner is to be robust against node failures, so that even when some of the nodes in the network fail, the remaining part would still provide a $(1+\eps)$-spanner. The spanner $H$ is called a {\em $k$-fault-tolerant $(1+\eps)$-spanner}, for any $0 ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: Secure Logical Isolation for Multi-tenancy in Cloud Storage

Hillel Kolodner (IBM)

Wednesday, 22.5.2013, 11:30

Taub TBA

Storage cloud systems achieve economies of scale by serving multiple tenants from a shared pool of servers and disks. This leads to the commingling of data from different tenants on the same devices. Typically, a request is processed by an application running with sufficient privileges to access any tenant's data; this application authenticates the user and authorizes the request prior to carrying it out. Since the only protection is at the application level, a single ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Fabricating BRDFs at High Spatial Resolution Using Wave Optics

Anat Levin (Weizmann institute of Science)

Tuesday, 21.5.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Recent attempts to fabricate surfaces with custom reflectance functions boast impressive angular resolution, yet their spatial resolution is limited. In this paper we present a method to construct spatially varying reflectance at a high resolution of up to 220dpi, orders of magnitude greater than previous attempts, albeit with a lower angular resolution. The resolution of previous approaches is limited by the machining, but more fundamentally, by the geometric optics model on which they are built. ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Fast-Match: Fast Affine Template Matching

Simon Korman (Tel-Aviv University)

Monday, 20.5.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Fast-Match is a fast algorithm for approximate template matching under 2D affine transformations that minimizes the Sum-of-Absolute-Differences (SAD) error measure. There is a huge number of transformations to consider but we prove that they can be sampled using a density that depends on the smoothness of the image. For each potential transformation, we approximate the SAD error using a sublinear algorithm that randomly examines only a small number of pixels. We further accelerate the algorithm ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Guest Lecture: Improving Throughput per Watt of Asymmetric Multicore Processors via Online Program Phase Classification and Dynamic Thread Scheduling

Prof. Israel Koren (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)

Sunday, 19.5.2013, 16:00

EE Meyer Building 1061

The benefits of Asymmetric Multicore Processors (AMPs) vs. their symmetric counterparts highly depend on the thread scheduling followed. Since the computing needs of threads often vary during their execution, a fixed thread-to-core assignment is sub-optimal. Reassigning threads to cores (e.g., thread swapping) when a thread starts a new program phase (with different computational needs), can significantly improve the energy efficiency of AMPs. Although identifying phase changes in the threads is not difficult, determining the best ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Interactive Design of Polyhedral Meshes

Roi Poranne

Sunday, 19.5.2013, 13:00

Taub 337

Glass and plywood are commonly used materials in architectural and industrial design. However, these materials impose serious constraints on the creative freedom of a designer, as the space of these constructions is the space of polyhedral meshes (PM), namely, meshes with planar faces, which is known to be very limiting. In addition to the inherent difficulty in generating such meshes, manipulating them while preserving planarity presents additional challenges. Herein, we discuss two approaches to editing ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Haifux Club: ELVIS: Android Architecture

Leon Romanovsky

Monday, 13.5.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

This lecture will help to beginners to understand android architecture from the Linux perspective view. We will talk about the differences between Linux kernel and Android kernel, Android security model and Android initialization process.

[Full version]

[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Planar Shape Interpolation with Bounded Distortion

Renjie Chen (CS, Technion)

Sunday, 12.5.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

TBA

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Our Eyes Beneath The Sea: Advanced Optical Methods For Ocean Imaging

Tali Treibitz (USCD)

Thursday, 9.5.2013, 13:30

EE Meyer Building 861

The ocean covers 70% of the earth surface, and influences almost every aspect in our life, such as climate, fuel, security, and food. All over the world, including Israel, depleting resources on land are encouraging increased human activity in the ocean, for example: gas drilling, desalination plants, port constructions, aquaculture, bio-fuel, and more. The ocean is a complex, vast, foreign environment that is hard to explore and therefore much about it is still unknown. Interestingly, ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Graph Cut, Convex relaxation and Continuous Max-flow Problems

Xue-Cheng Tai (Mathematics, University of Bergen, Norway)

Thursday, 9.5.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

In this talk, we will explore the relationship between graph cut, convex relaxation and some recent continuous max-flow approaches proposed in the literature. Especially, we will see the continuous versus discrete relationship between them. There are two advantages with these approaches: 1) different fast numerical algorithms have been used for these approaches; 2) global minimization can be guaranteed for some nonconvex problems. We shall describe the connections between some of these algorithms. Image restoration and ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk II: Computer Architecture

Prof. Alexandru Losup (Delft University of Technology)

Thursday, 9.5.2013, 10:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This series of talks focuses on the research and education conducted by the PDS group in recent years, on topics such as grid and cloud computing, systems for massively multiplayer online games, big data, and gamification of higher education. Our research focuses on the modeling, the design, the implementation, and the analysis of parallel and distributed systems and algorithms. Our research is fundamental in that we aim to develop and evaluate generic methods and techniques, ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: Direct Products in Communication Complexity

Amir Yehudayoff (Technion)

Wednesday, 8.5.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Communication complexity deals with the amount of communication between parties needed to achieve a common goal. It was introduced by Yao and has found numerous applications since. We shall discuss a direct product theorem for 2-party communication. That is, for example, if at least C bits of communication is needed to compute a function f with probability at least 2/3, then communicating much less than roughly C n^{1/2} bits to compute n copies of f ...

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[Full version]

Route Search

Roy Levin

Wednesday, 8.5.2013, 12:30

Taub 601

In recent years, smartphones have become one of the most popular tools for local search and navigation. Yet, state-of-the-art navigation tools are still rather limited in their ability to cope with complex route-planning tasks, such as constructing an effective route from the location of the user to a target via a restaurant, a pharmacy and a coffee shop. Planning becomes even more challenging when taking into account uncertainties, such as the imprecise compliance of geographical ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: Non-Volatile Memory Enhancement: a Cross-Layer Approach

Amit Berman (EE. Technion)

Wednesday, 8.5.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

The invention of semiconductor technology has marked a new era in memory devices: SRAM, DRAM, Flash and more. The ever-increasing rate of data production and consumption stimulates the development of high-performance memory devices. At times, high-density scaling drives new applications and ways of operation. However, device advancement presents trade-offs and ever growing challenges. High-performance memory (SRAM, DRAM) suffers from relatively low density, higher power consumption and, most important, data volatility. Similarly, high-density, non-volatile memory (Flash) ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Robust Computational Geometry and Graphics

Elisha Sacks (Purdue University)

Tuesday, 7.5.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Computational geometry has developed efficient algorithms for a range of tasks that could benefit computer graphics. Yet the practical application of these algorithms is limited. One explanation is that the algorithms are correct and efficient based on a theoretical analysis in the real-RAM model, whereas graphics requires software that is reliable and efficient in practice. This so called robustness problem has been attacked in several ways. I will describe our solution, adaptive-precision controlled perturbation, and ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk I: Computer Architecture

Prof. Alexandru Losup (Delft University of Technology)

Tuesday, 7.5.2013, 10:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

[Full version]

An Optimal Randomized Online Algorithm for Reordering Buffer Management

Noa Avigdor-Elgrabli

Monday, 6.5.2013, 12:30

Bloomfield 527

In the reordering buffer management problem an input sequence of colored items arrives online, and has to be rescheduled in a permuted output sequence of the same items, with the help of a buffer that can hold k items. The items enter the buffer in their order of arrival. When the buffer is full, one item must be removed and scheduled in the output sequence, making room for a new input item to enter the ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Dynamic Maps for Exploring and Browsing Shapes

Yanir Kleiman (CS, Tel Aviv University)

Sunday, 5.5.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

TBA

[Full version]

[Full version]

TODAY - Distinguished Lectures Series - Talk III: Limits of Sparse Graphs: Distributed Algorithms And Group Theory

Prof. László Lovász (Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary)

Thursday, 2.5.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The limit theory of bounded-degree graphs is very interesting, but substantially more challenging than the dense theory. Limit objects can be defined in more than one sense; an interesting class of infinite graphs, which are called graphings and have been known from group theory and ergodic theory for a while, can be used to describe limit objects. Algorithmic questions in this theory are closely related to distributed computing in constant time. The lecture is for ...

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Distinguished Lectures Series - Talk II: Limits of Dense Graphs: Algorithms And Extremal Graph Theory

Prof. László Lovász (Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary)

Wednesday, 1.5.2013, 13:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

the classical algorithmic problems must be rephrased, and a new kind of complexity theory emerges. Much of this has been worked out in the theory of "Graph Property Testing" in computer science, where we assume that information about such graphs is obtained by an appropriate sampling procedure. Graph limits offer a new perspective on this field, along with some new results. Many questions in extremal graph theory can be phrased like this: what is the ...

[Full version]

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Theory Seminar: Invertible Zero-Error Dispersers and Defective Memory with Stucks-At Errors

Ariel Gabizon (CS, Technion) - CANCELLED

Wednesday, 1.5.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Kuznetsov and Tsybakov considered the problem of storing information in a memory where a certain p-fraction of the n cells are `stuck' at certain values. The person writing in the memory - the `encoder'- knows which cells are stuck, and to what values. The person who will read the memory later - the `decoder' is required to retrieve the message encoded without the information about which cells are stuck. Kuznetsov and Tsybakov showed there are ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: Optimizing Traffic Engineering on the Internet

Michael Schapira (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Wednesday, 1.5.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

New types of applications and services (from video streaming to cloud computing) are placing tremendous demands on today's networks. To tackle this challenge, network operators do traffic engineering (TE), i.e., tune routing-protocol parameters so as to use network resources efficiently. I will present recent (algorithmic and experimental) results regarding today's prevalent TE technique (ECMP routing) and also novel frameworks for TE (e.g., for TE with migration). I will discuss interesting implications of these results (for ...

[Full version]

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Distinguished Lectures Series - Talk I: Large Networks, Graph Limits, And Why Are They Useful

Prof. László Lovász (Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Hungary)

Tuesday, 30.4.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

If you have a very large network (which may be deterministic or the result of some random procedure), we may want to approximate it by a smaller object, or by an infinite (analytic) object. The former question is related to Szemer\'edi's Regularity Lemma and its variants, the latter, to "graph limits". A theory of convergent graph sequences and their limits has been worked out by Benjamini and Schramm (for graphs with bounded degree) and by ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Will the Driver Seat Ever Be Empty? (aka the Difficulty of Safely Navigating Dynamic Environments)

Thierry Fraichard (INRIA Grenoble Rhône-Alpes)

Monday, 29.4.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Autonomous navigation technologies have matured and improved to the point that, in the past few years, self-driving cars have been able to safely drive an impressive number of kilometers. It should be noted though that, in all cases, the driver seat was never empty: a human driver was behind the wheel, ready to take over whenever the situation dictated it. This is an interesting paradox since the point of a self-driving car is to remove ...

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[Full version]

Efficient, Non-Cooperative Sharing of Computing Resources

Orna Agmon Ben-Yehuda

Wednesday, 24.4.2013, 15:00

Taub 601

The defining characteristic of cloud computing platforms is money. In clouds, non-cooperative clients pay their providers for the shared computing resources they use as they use them. The introduction of monetary compensation thus gives rise to a host of new possibilities for efficiently sharing computing resources. We investigate the economic foundations of cloud computing systems and propose new mechanisms for non-cooperative clients and providers to share cloud resources efficiently. We (1) demonstrate how clients can ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: Distance Oracles

Liam Roditty (Bar-Ilan University)

Wednesday, 24.4.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Computing distances is one of the most fundamental computational problems. In many applications we are not really interested in all distances, we want the ability to retrieve them quickly. Thorup and Zwick (2005) initiated the theoretical study of data structures capable of representing approximated distances e?ciently, in terms of space requirement and query time. Given an n-vertex weighted undirected graph with m edges, they show that for any integer k ≥ 1 it is possible ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: To Zip or not to Zip: Effective Resource Usage for Real-Time Compression

Danny Harnik (IBM)

Wednesday, 24.4.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Real-time compression for primary storage is quickly becoming widespread as data continues to grow exponentially, but adding compression on the data path consumes scarce CPU and memory resources on the storage system. In this talk I'll present different approaches to efficient estimation of the potential compression ratio of data and how these methods can be applied in advanced storage systems. Our work targets two granularities: the macro scale estimation which is backed up by analytical ...

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[Full version]

The Israel Pollak Distinguished Lecture: Talk II - Why Natural Algorithms are the Language of the Living World

Prof. Bernard Chazelle (Princeton University)

Tuesday, 23.4.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The glory of 20th century physics was in many ways the triumph of mathematics. Lacking the requisite symmetries, the life sciences of today are unlikely to witness a repeat of this miraculous match. Unlike electromagnetism, for example, cancer will not be explained by a few differential equations. The high descriptive complexity of biology seems to call for a new language --- not a language of equations but of algorithms. The challenge is to find it ...

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[Full version]

Pixel Club: The SVM-minus Similarity Score for Video Face Recognition

Noga Levy (Tel-Aviv University)

Tuesday, 23.4.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Face recognition in unconstrained videos requires specialized tools beyond those developed for still images: the fact that the confounding factors change state during the video sequence presents a unique challenge, but also an opportunity to eliminate spurious similarities. Luckily, a major source of confusion in visual similarity of faces is the 3D head orientation, for which image analysis tools provide an accurate estimation. The method we propose belongs to a family of classifier-based similarity scores. ...

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[Full version]

The Israel Pollak Distinguished Lecture: Talk I - The Amazing Dynamics of Influence Systems

Prof. Bernard Chazelle (Princeton University)

Monday, 22.4.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Imagine a group of interacting agents (eg, people, computers, birds, bacteria) subject to the attracting influence of the agents with which they communicate. Assume further that each agent is entitled to its own, distinct algorithm for deciding whom to listen to when. The communication graph may thus evolve endogenously in arbitrarily complex ways. We show that such an "influence system" is almost surely convergent if the communication is bidirectional and asymptotically periodic in general. This ...

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CGGC Seminar: Compact Data Structures and Efficient Algorithms for Freeform Geometric Models under Deformation

Myung-Soo Kim (Seoul National University)

Sunday, 21.4.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We present real-time algorithms for various geometric operations (collision detection, minimum and Hausdorff distance computation, surface-surface intersection, convex hull and distance field generation) on freeform geometric models including NURBS curves and surfaces. These algorithms are based on bounding volume hierarchies (BVHs) for freeform shapes, which are considerably more compact than conventional ones for mesh models. For static NURBS models, we often require 1000 times smaller memory space than usual, while observing only a slight degradation ...

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Theory Seminar: Some Properties are Not Even Partially Testable

Yonatan Goldhirsh (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 17.4.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Property testing studies algorithms that distinguish input in a property P from inputs far from it with only a few queries. There are many natural cases where any property tester for a property P must use a lot of queries, but it is possible to partition P into a few sub-properties P1; P2; :::; Pk, such that distinguishing inputs in Pi from inputs far from P requires only a small amount of queries. This is ...

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ceClub: Cryptography and Network Security Lab, Tel-Aviv University

Yossi Oren (Cryptography and Network Security Lab, Tel-Aviv University)

Wednesday, 17.4.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) tags based on the Electronic Product Code (EPC) standard have been aggressively introduced into the global supply chain. These tags were designed as an upgrade to the familiar 14-digit Universal Product Code (UPC) barcode. Due to the low cost and limited energy budget available to these tags, it was traditionally considered impractical to apply any sort of cryptographic protection to these tags. In this talk I will show how, contrary to previous ...

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CGGC Seminar: Architectural Caustics

Michael Eigensatz (Evolute, Austria)

Sunday, 14.4.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

TBA

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Maximization Problems with Submodular Objective Functions

Moran Feldman

Wednesday, 10.4.2013, 15:00

Taub 601

The study of combinatorial problems with submodular objective functions has attracted much attention recently, and is motivated by the principle of economy of scale, prevalent in real world applications. Moreover, submodular functions are commonly used as utility functions in economics and algorithmic game theory. From a theoretical perspective, submodular functions and submodular optimization play a major role in combinatorics, graph theory and combinatorial optimization. In this talk, we consider two submodular maximization problems: unconstraint submodular ...

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Dynamic Memory Allocation in Cloud Computers using Progressive Second Price Auction

Eyal Pozner

Wednesday, 10.4.2013, 13:30

Taub 601

Physical memory is the most expensive resource in use in today's cloud computing platforms. Cloud providers would like to maximize their clients' satisfaction by renting precious physical memory to those clients who value it the most. But real-world cloud clients are selfish: they will only tell their providers the truth about how much they value memory when it is in their own best interest to do so. Under these conditions, how can providers find an ...

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Theory Seminar: Online Preemptive Scheduling: Benefiting from Slackness

Jonathan Yaniv (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 10.4.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

In the online preemptive scheduling problem, a computing system (e.g., a server) receives job processing requests throughout time, each request characterized by an arrival time, deadline, size and value. The goal of the scheduler is to maximize the total value of fully-completed jobs. Job preemption is allowed, i.e., jobs may be paused and resumed from the point at which they were preempted. In its most general form, the problem admits a polylogarithmic lower bound on ...

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ceClub: Towards Building a Practical Privacy-Preserving Recommender System

Udi Weinsberg (Technicolor Research, Palo Alto)

Wednesday, 10.4.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Many online services, such as recommender systems, email, and social networks collect user data, which is then used for both personalization and monetization. Although the latter enables services to be free, users are realizing that these services come at a hidden cost of potentially exposing their private data. In this talk I will show that even the common 5-star item-rating recommender system leaks private demographic information. Then, I will discuss methods for helping users preserve ...

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Adaptive Metric Dimensionality Reduction

Aryeh Kontorovich RESCHEDULED

Tuesday, 9.4.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

CGGC Seminar: Bounded Aspect-ratio Mappings of Letrahedral Meshes

Noam Aigerman (Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute)

Sunday, 7.4.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

We present an algorithm that, given a piecewise-linear mapping of a tetrahedral mesh, generates a similar map that is guaranteed to have bounded aspect-ratio distortion, and also to be locally injective. We further prove that if the boundary is mapped bijectively, the mapping is globally bijective. We display several uses of our algorithm, namely for tetrahedral mesh deformations, parameterizations and mesh improvement.

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Pixel Club: Imaging Fluid Flow in Porous Media

Prof. Eldad Haber (Mathematics and Earth & Ocean Science, University of British Columbia)

Sunday, 7.4.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Many applications such as enhanced oil recovery, in situ combustion and contaminant transport are complex processes that are governed by flow in porous media dynamics. Predicting these flows is difficult since many of the parameters in the equations are unknown. In this talk we will present a method to integrate geophysical imaging and multiphase flow to better predict the flow. We show that the problem is mathematically similar to the problem of super resolution and ...

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Theory Seminar: Properties and Applications of Boolean Function Composition

Avishay Tal (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Wednesday, 3.4.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

For Boolean functions f : {0, 1} → {0, 1} and g : {0, 1}m → {0, 1}, the function composition of f and g denoted by f ◦ g : {0, 1}nm → {0, 1} is the value of f on n inputs, each of them is the calculation of g on a distinct set of m Boolean variables. Motivated by previous works that achieved some of the best separations between complexity measures such ...

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ceClub: Exploit Mitigation: From Detection to Obstruction

Gal Badishi (Cyvera Ltd., Cyber Defense Solutions)

Wednesday, 3.4.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Recent attacks on high-value targets, demonstrate how state-of-the-art defenses fail to protect against APTs (Advanced Persistent Threats). These victims spare no expense and appropriately deploy cutting-edge defenses, such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and anti-virus scanners, as well as novel approaches for detecting zero-day exploits - yet these are ineffective at thwarting determined attackers. In this talk we examine the unsatisfying state of attack-prevention solutions, as well as demonstrate the ease of circumventing ...

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Theory Seminar: A Full Characterization of Functions that Imply Fair Coin Tossing and Ramifications to Fairness

Gilad Asharov (Bar-Ilan University)

Wednesday, 20.3.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Abstract: It is well known that it is impossible for two parties to toss a coin fairly (Cleve, STOC 1986). This result implies that it is impossible to securely compute with fairness any function that can be used to toss a coin fairly. In this paper, we focus on the class of deterministic Boolean functions with finite domain, and we ask for which functions in this class is it possible to information-theoretically toss an unbiased ...

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Estimating Pose and Motion using Bundle Adjustment and Digital Elevation Model Constraints

Gil Briskin

Wednesday, 20.3.2013, 12:30

Taub 601

Pose and motion estimation of a calibrated camera is a common application in the photogrammetric world. In most cases this is solved by combining motion estimation with connections between the images taken by the camera and external geographical data (Orthophoto, Digital Terrain Model etc). While the motion estimation can be solved automatically, by Bundle Adjustment for example, the connections to the geographical data are generated manually. In this paper, we propose a novel approach that ...

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CSpecial Talk: Fascinating World of Reverse Engineering

Inbar Raz (Security Architect at Check Point)

Tuesday, 19.3.2013, 12:30

Taub 9

Reverse engineering is the art of discovering the secrets of how things work. Be it a computer program, a mobile device or a washing machine, all devices have secrets that can be used for anything from improving or altering their behavior m(odding/tweaking,) through stealing their trade secrets and technology, to cracking their defenses and protections. We will talk about what it means, see how it’s done and learn to respect it !Y(eah, baby)! Bio: Inbar ...

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Pixel Club: Approaches for Efficient Incremental Structure from Motion and
Consistent Vision-based Single- and Multi-robot Navigation

Vadim Indelman (Georgia Tech)

Tuesday, 19.3.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

This talk will focus on efficient methods for single- and multi-robot localization and structure from motion (SfM) related problems such as mobile vision, augmented reality and 3D reconstruction. High-rate performance and high accuracy are a challenge, in particular when operating in large scale environments, over long time periods and in presence of loop closure observations. This challenge is further enhanced in multi-robot configurations, where communication and computation budgets are limited and consistent information fusion should ...

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Haifux Club: Kernel Cybernetics: How to Get Useful Information from The Kernel Archives

Jonathan Ben-Avraham (tk Open Systems)

Monday, 18.3.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Beginning kernel programmers spend a large portion of their time looking for information regarding specific kernel versions, patches, the history of particular files and about submitters. It is easy to specify the information needed, but there is no well-known howto or cheat-sheet for finding it. This lecture presents a cheat-sheet for getting answers to the most kernel hacking common queries. The lecture will be in Hebrew. The lecture materials will be in English.

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Bioinformatics Forum: What You Can Do with 40 Dimensions in Single Cells: Mapping The Shape of Hematopoiesis and Cancer

Dana Pe'er (Departments of Biological Science and Systems
Biology, Columbia University)

Thursday, 14.3.2013, 14:30

Taub 701

TBA

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Pixel Club: Curves on Surfaces with Applications to Archaeology

Michael Kolomenkin (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 12.3.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Curves on objects can convey the inherent features of the shape. Edge detection in images has been a fundamental problem in computer vision from its early days. Edge detection on surfaces, on the other hand, has received much less attention. This talk defines a new class of view-independent curves on surfaces, denoted relief edges. In a nutshell, these curves are the loci of the "strongest" inflections on the surface. We also propose a general framework ...

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Haifux Club: Wireless Hacking

Guy Edri (See Secure Consulting)

Monday, 4.3.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

The talk includes a workshop, in which the speaker's AP will be hacked by the audiance. To participate, bring a laptop with a flash disk on which there is a Pent-test distribution: http://www.backtrack-linux.org/. Legal information about hacking Introduction Terminology (Access points, encryptions etc.) Gear ( antennas) Tools Detailed explanation of everything that I just talked about at the introduction. Challenges for the class – Hacking my access point. What else you can do after you ...

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TCE Talk Series - Talk III: The Poisson Equation in Image Stitching, Geometry Processing, and Surface Reconstruction,
Talk II

Prof. Michael Kazhdan (Johns Hopkins University)

Monday, 4.3.2013, 11:00

Taub 3

In these lectures we will take an in-depth look at the Poisson equation, with a focus on its use in the graphics community. We will start by looking at the way in which a number of common gradient-domain image-processing techniques result in a Poisson-like equation (including stitching, contrast enhancement, and low dynamic-range compression). We will discuss common discretizations of the linear systems and will look, in detail, at implementations of a multigrid solver that supports ...

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Finding Rare Numerical Stability Errors in Concurrent Computation

Karine Even

Wednesday, 27.2.2013, 14:30

Taub 601

Stability of a numerical algorithm is an important factor in its analysis, since an error exceeding the bound can lead to disastrous results: for example, the Patriot missile failure in 1991 occurred due to rounding errors, explosion of the Ariane 5 rocket in 1996 was a result of an overflow error, and sinking of the Sleipner A offshore platform was caused by a combination of a numerical error and a physical error. Introduction of concurrency ...

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[Full version]

Pixel Club: Human Activity Recognition in Video by Spatio-Temporal GIST

Asaf Sela (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 26.2.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Activity recognition in video is a major problem in computer vision, that integrates two main challenges. The first, is defining a robust and informative set of features. The second, is constructing a model that builds on the set of features and provides a distinctive representation for each action. In this work we suggest a solution to both challenges. Our features are based on an extension of the GIST descriptor to space-time. We analyze the properties ...

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TCE Guest Lecture: Cloud Computing on the Internet of Things

Prof. Mario Nemirovsky (Barcelona Supercomputer Center)

Tuesday, 26.2.2013, 11:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This talk is to motivate an interactive discussion on a couple of new research proposals that presently I have been pushing (DCR and FOG). The markets of embedded real-time devices and datacenters/clouds are destined to converge. The explosive growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) will rapidly push the need to run time-critical applications in the cloud, not only for reducing costs but also for simplifying management and achieving increased availability and efficiency. However, failure ...

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Haifux Club: Developing Modern Web Applications using Flask and Backbone.js

Yaniv Aknin and Yaniv Ben-Zaken

Monday, 18.2.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

We've come a long way since NCSA Mosaic and httpd. Web developers' arsenal today encompasses a very broad range of tools and techniques, but the developers also have to deal with rising user expectations and complex requirements. This talk offers a bit of historic perspective and a lot of real world modern solutions used for building the world's largest website.

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[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk II: The Poisson Equation in Image Stitching, Geometry Processing, and Surface Reconstruction

Prof. Michael Kazhdan (Johns Hopkins University)

Monday, 18.2.2013, 11:00

Taub 3

In these lectures we will take an in-depth look at the Poisson equation, with a focus on its use in the graphics community. We will start by looking at the way in which a number of common gradient-domain image-processing techniques result in a Poisson-like equation (including stitching, contrast enhancement, and low dynamic-range compression). We will discuss common discretizations of the linear systems and will look, in detail, at implementations of a multigrid solver that supports ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

cggc Ph.D. Seminar: Methods in Geometry Processing

Zohar Levi (CS, Technion)

Sunday, 17.2.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

I will describe two researches on shape modeling. In the first research we present a new framework for real-time shape deformation with local shape preservation and volume control. Given a 3D object, in any form, one would like to manipulate the object using convenient handles, so that the resulting shape is a natural variation of the given object. It is also important that the deformation is controlled, thereby enabling localized changes that do not influence ...

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Constructive Cryptography -- A New Paradigm for Security Definitions and Proofs

Ueli Maurer

Wednesday, 13.2.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Understanding miRNA activity and function using integrative genomics

Israel Steinfeld

Wednesday, 13.2.2013, 12:30

Taub 601

Over the last several years, modern biology has undergone an information revolution, which is apparent in a shift of thinking and practice. While typical biological studies were, until recently, mostly focused on specific pathways, like the p53 signaling pathway, the emergence of novel high-throughput technologies now enables the quantification of biological features in a genome-wide scale and on multiple levels of molecular regulation. In this talk I will describe some of the methods developed, in ...

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[Full version]

ceClub: Reliablity and Efficiency in Cloud Storage

Ittay Eyal (EE, Technion)

Wednesday, 13.2.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

Advances in data center technologies have led to extensive use of data centers to store large volumes of data in a managed distributed system. The users of such systems have increasing expectations of both efficiency and reliability. Recent years have shown that even the largest cloud storage providers occasionally fail, and users have to replicate data among multiple providers to obtain reliability. However, classical replication techniques (e.g., ABD) are not applicable here, since storage services ...

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[Full version]

Pixel Club: Dynamics-based Invariants for Video Understanding

Octavia I. Camps (EE and CE, Northeastern University)

Tuesday, 12.2.2013, 16:30

Library Classroom, Aerospace Engineering

Cameras are ubiquitous everywhere and hold the promise of significantly changing the way we live and interact with our environment. Dynamic vision systems are uniquely positioned to address the needs of a growing segment of the population. Smart environments that are aware of user activities would enable an aging population to carry on independent lives for as long as possible. The power of geometric invariants to provide solutions to computer vision problems towards realizing the ...

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[Full version]

Haifux Club: Flash Friendly File System (F2FS)

Leon Romanovsky

Monday, 11.2.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

The "flash-friendly file system (F2FS)" is a new file system for Linux recently announced by engineers from Samsung. Unlike jffs2 and logfs, f2fs is not targeted at raw flash devices, but rather at the specific hardware that is commonly available to consumers ג SSDs, eMMC, SD cards, and other flash storage with a flash translation layer (FTL) already built in. Required prior Knowledge will be covered by the preliminary lecture F2FS on the news

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[Full version]

Pixel Club: Improving Large-Scale Image Retrieval using Geometric Weighting

Dima Sezganov (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 5.2.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

The Bag-Of-Features (BOF) approaches are becoming central in large-scale image retrieval. The standard BOF method is orderless, completely omitting geometric configuration of visual words. The geometrical information is usually involved only in the post-processing spatial verification step usually implemented with the RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) algorithm. To enable visual search in real-time, RANSAC can be applied only to a relatively small number of top candidates due to its computational requirements. In this work, we propose ...

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[Full version]

Haifux Club: Bitcoin

Meni Rosenfeld

Monday, 4.2.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Bitcoin is the world's first decentralized digital currency. Powered by a peer-to-peer network of computers running free software, it was created as an alternative to the existing monetary system in an attempt to offer people more autonomy over their finances and ease of transaction. In this talk, we will give a broad overview of the Bitcoin system and describe its motivation and its current status. We will then explain the open cryptographic protocol in its ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Talk Series - Talk I: The Poisson Equation in Image Stitching, Geometry Processing, and Surface Reconstruction

Prof. Michael Kazhdan (Johns Hopkins University)

Monday, 4.2.2013, 11:00

Taub 539

In these lectures we will take an in-depth look at the Poisson equation, with a focus on its use in the graphics community. We will start by looking at the way in which a number of common gradient-domain image-processing techniques result in a Poisson-like equation (including stitching, contrast enhancement, and low dynamic-range compression). We will discuss common discretizations of the linear systems and will look, in detail, at implementations of a multigrid solver that supports ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Weak Omega Automata

Shaked Flur

Monday, 4.2.2013, 10:30

Taub 601

Automata over infinite words are a core concept in program verification. Many different types of automata exist and they can be classified by the type of their transition relation and by the type of their acceptance condition. In this thesis we explore weak automata over infinite words. In weak automata the state space is partitioned into partially ordered sets. The transition relation is then restricted so that a state from one set can only move ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: Time-lock puzzles and Proofs-of-Work in the Random Oracle Model

Tal Moran (Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya)

Wednesday, 30.1.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Time-lock puzzles are a class of computational problems that take longer to solve than they do to generate. They can be used, for example, to send a message ``to the future'': the sender publishes a puzzle whose solution is the message to be sent, thus hiding it for the time it takes to solve the puzzle. Since adversaries may have access to many more computers than honest solvers, massively parallel solvers should not be able ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Designs of Flash and Associative Memories

Eitan Yaakobi

Tuesday, 29.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: Telegraphers' equation in Image Processing

Vadim Ratner (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 29.1.2013, 14:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

Diffusion-type algorithms have been integrated successfully into the toolbox used in image processing and computer vision. We introduce in the context of digital signal and image processing a new more flexible and powerful family of parabolic-hyperbolic partial differential equations (PDEs) that model elastic deformation. The analogy between a well-known physical system and process on one hand, and the dynamics of an image processing scheme on the other hand, contributes interesting and important insights about the ...

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Towards Temporal Correctness of Event Processing

Elior Malul

Tuesday, 29.1.2013, 13:30

Taub 235

Although event processing is considered an emerging technology, empirical studies show that most enterprises ability to use such systems as ranging from poor to fair. Moreover, many of them indicated the skill issue as a barrier to adoption. One of the major contributors to this observation is the inherent difficulty in enforcing temporal correctness using current languages and tools. This difficulty can lead to incorrect outcomes or to work being hacked around these issues for ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

TCE Guest Lecture: Functional Maps: A Flexible Representation of Maps Between Shapes

Prof. Maks Ovsjanikov (École Polytechnique)

Sunday, 27.1.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

This talk discuss a representation of maps between pairs of 3D shapes (represented as triangle meshes) that generalizes the standard notion of a map to include correspondences that are not necessarily point-to-point. This representation is compact, and yet allows for efficient inference (shape matching) and enables a number of applications, including algebraic map manipulation such as computing map sums and differences. The key aspect of this representation is that many constraints on a map, including ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: A constant factor approximation algorithm for reordering buffer management

Noa Avigdor-Elgrabli (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 23.1.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

In the reordering buffer management problem (RBM) a sequence of $n$ colored items enters a buffer with limited capacity $k$. When the buffer is full, one item is removed to the output sequence, making room for the next input item. This step is repeated until the input sequence is exhausted and the buffer is empty. The objective is to find a sequence of removals that minimizes the total number of color changes in the output ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: New Bounds for Renaming and WSB

Armando Castaneda (CS, Technion)

Wednesday, 23.1.2013, 11:30

Taub 3

In a distributed task, processes of a distributed system start with private input values, communicate each other using a medium and then irrevocably decide an output value. In the M-renaming task each process of the system starts with a distinct input name. and must decide a distinct output name in the range [1, ..., M]. The renaming task is at the core of the theory of distributed computing. Several papers claimed that, in an asynchronous ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Haifux Club: Command-line utilities: Tips and tricks

Eli Billauer

Monday, 21.1.2013, 18:30

Taub 6

Command-line utilities is the real power of a Linux computer, and yet there's always a few useful utilities that even an experienced Linux user doesn't know about. This meeting is dedicated to going through several random utilities, some of which are less known, others are known but have surprising possibilities. The range goes from things as simple as using "touch" to fake a modification date to using ssh for surfing the web (with your browser) ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Pixel Club: Lie Shapes and Statistics on Manifolds

Oren Freifeld (Applied Mathematics, Brown University)

Sunday, 20.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Three-dimensional object shape is commonly represented in terms of deformations of a triangular mesh from an exemplar shape. In particular, statistical generative models of human shape deformation are widely used in computer vision, graphics, ergonomics, and anthropometry. Existing statistical models, however, are based on a Euclidean representation of shape deformations. In contrast, we argue that shape has a manifold structure: For example, averaging the shape deformations for two people does not necessarily yield a meaningful ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

CGGC Seminar: Localizing the Delaunay Triangulation and its Parallel Implementation

Renjie Chen (Computer Science, Technion)

Sunday, 20.1.2013, 13:00

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

The Delaunay triangulation and its dual, the Voronoi diagram, are among the most fundamental structures in computational geometry. We show how to localize the Delaunay triangulation of a given planar point set, namely, bound the set of points which are possible Delaunay neighbors of a given point. We then exploit this observation in an algorithm for constructing the Delaunay triangulation (and its dual Voronoi diagram) by computing the Delaunay neighbors (and Voronoi cell) of each ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Theory Seminar: Quasi-Linear Non-Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proofs Based on Probabilistically Checkable Proofs and Naccache-Stern Encryption

Jens Groth (University College London)

Wednesday, 16.1.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

Abstract: Zero-knowledge proofs enable a prover to convince a verifier of the truth of a statement without revealing anything else. Non-interactive zero-knowledge proof are zero-knowledge proofs where the prover constructs the proof without interaction with the verifier. In a probabilistically checkable proofs the verifier only needs to read a small number of bits to be convinced that the statement to be proven is true with high probability. PCPs have been used to reduce the communication ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

ceClub: Quantitative Analysis of the Full Bitcoin Transaction Graph

Dorit Ron (Weizmann Institute of Science)

Wednesday, 16.1.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 861

The Bitcoin scheme is a rare example of a large scale global payment system in which all the transactions are publicly accessible (but in an anonymous way). We downloaded the full history of this scheme, and analyzed many statistical properties of its associated transaction graph. In this paper we answer for the first time a variety of interesting questions about the typical behavior of users, how they acquire and how they spend their bitcoins, the ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

CS1001.py: A Topics Based Introduction to Computer Science

Benny Chor

Tuesday, 15.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: Generalized Laplacians, Ricci curvature and Flow for Images

Eli Appleboim (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 15.1.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

A discrete version of the Ricci flow, applicable to images, is introduced and applied for some image processing tasks such as denoising and non-linear interpolation. This flow is unique among the geometric flows that have been applied in image processing, in the sense that it is the only flow wherein the metric of an image evolves, rather than the image itself, as is the case in other geometric flows. Our curvature and flow represent an ...

[Full version]

[Full version]

Random walks and discrete logarithms: some applications of number theory to cryptography

Steve Miller, SPECIAL GUEST TALK

Thursday, 10.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Quantitative Formal Verification

Udi Boker

Wednesday, 9.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Theory Seminar: Approximating k-Median via Pseudo-Approximation

Ola Svensson (EPFL, Switzerland)

Wednesday, 9.1.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

K-median is the problem where we wish to open k facilities so as to minimize the average distance each client has to its closest opened facility. The lack of progress on this central problem compared to facility location (a close relative) is partly due to the difficulty of handling the hard constraint that at most k facilities are allowed to be opened. In this talk we shall see that we can relax this constraint into ...

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ceClub: An Intent-based Approach for Network Virtualization

Rami Cohen (IBM R&D Lab, Haifa)

Wednesday, 9.1.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Virtualizing resources for easy pooling and accounting, as well as for rapid provisioning and release, is essential for the effective management of modern data centers. Although the compute and storage resources can be virtualized quite effectively, a comprehensive solution for network virtualization has yet to be developed. Our analysis of the requirements for a comprehensive network virtualization solution identified two complimentary steps of ultimate importance. One is specifying the network-related requirements, another is carrying out ...

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Pixel Club: On Stochastic Interpolation of Color Textures

Yaron Kalit (EE, Technion)

Tuesday, 8.1.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

In recent years, a number of super-resolution techniques have been proposed. Most of these techniques construct a high resolution image by either combining several low resolution images at sub-pixel misalignments or by learning correspondences between low and high resolution image pairs. These techniques and most other image interpolation methods focus on grayscale images. In this work, a new super-resolution method for color textures from a single image is presented. The interpolation process takes advantage of ...

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On Relative Approximations in Geometry and Their Variants.

Esther Ezra

Monday, 7.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Semi-Supervised structured prediction in Natural Language Processing through Declarative Knowledge Encoding

Roi Reichart

Thursday, 3.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Theory Seminar: How to Generalize Descartes' Rule of Signs?

Pavel Hrubes (University of Calgary)

Wednesday, 2.1.2013, 12:30

Taub 201

The main open problem in proof complexity is to prove superpolynomial lower bounds for the so-called Frege system, where Frege system is a specific formalization of classical propositional calculus. The same problem can be posed for non-classical logics, and I will discuss two popular examples: intuitionistic and modal logic. Here, one actually can prove exponential lower bounds on lengths of proofs. I will show how to construct this lower bound and discuss connections between proof ...

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ceClub: The SkipTrie: Low-Depth Concurrent Search without Rebalancing

Rotem Osman (University of Toronto)

Wednesday, 2.1.2013, 11:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

To date, all concurrent search structures that can support predecessor queries have had depth logarithmic in m, the number of elements. This work introduces the SkipTrie, a new concurrent search structure supporting predecessor queries in amortized expected O(log log u + c) steps, insertions and deletions in O( c log log u ), and using O(m) space, where u is the size of the key space and c is the maximum point contention during the ...

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Software Engineering meets Biological Modeling

Hillel Kugler

Tuesday, 1.1.2013, 14:30

Room 337-8 Taub Bld.

Pixel Club: Clustering by Composition for Unsupervised Discovery of Image Categories (ECCV12)

Alon Faktor (The Weizmann Institute of Science)

Tuesday, 1.1.2013, 11:30

EE Meyer Building 1061

We define a "good image cluster" as one in which images can be easily composed (like a puzzle) using pieces from each other, while are difficult to compose from images outside the cluster. The larger and more statistically significant the pieces are, the stronger the affinity between the images. This gives rise to unsupervised discovery of very challenging image categories. We further show how multiple images can be composed from each other simultaneously and efficiently ...

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